Abstract

We develop a method for fabricating very small silica microbubbles having a micrometer-order wall thickness and demonstrate the first optical microbubble resonator. Our method is based on blowing a microbubble using stable radiative CO2 laser heating rather than unstable convective heating in a flame or furnace. Microbubbles are created along a microcapillary and are naturally opened to the input and output microfluidic or gas channels. The demonstrated microbubble resonator has 370μm diameter, 2μm wall thickness, and a Q factor exceeding 106.

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2009

A.B.Matsko, ed., Practical Applications of Microresonators in Optics and Photonics (CRC Press, 2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Pöllinger, D. O'Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Express 17, 11916 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

2004

2003

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

1999

1998

A. J. C. Grellier, N. K. Zayer, and C. N. Pannell, Opt. Commun. 152, 324 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1987

Birks, T. A.

Cheung, G.

Dimmick, T. E.

Dulashko, Y.

Fan, X.

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

I. M. White, H. Oveys, and X. Fan, Opt. Lett. 31, 1319 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grellier, A. J. C.

A. J. C. Grellier, N. K. Zayer, and C. N. Pannell, Opt. Commun. 152, 324 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

Hare, J.

Ilchenko, V. S.

Jacques, F.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kippenberg, T. J.

Knight, J. C.

Lefévre-Seguin, V.

Long, R.

McLachlan, A. D.

Meyer, F. P.

Murugan, G. S.

O'Shea, D.

M. Pöllinger, D. O'Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oveys, H.

Pannell, C. N.

A. J. C. Grellier, N. K. Zayer, and C. N. Pannell, Opt. Commun. 152, 324 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pöllinger, M.

M. Pöllinger, D. O'Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

M. Pöllinger, D. O'Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Shopova, S. I.

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Sun, Y.

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

Suter, J. D.

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

von Klitzing, W.

Warken, F.

M. Pöllinger, D. O'Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, I. M.

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

I. M. White, H. Oveys, and X. Fan, Opt. Lett. 31, 1319 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilkinson, J. S.

Zayer, N. K.

A. J. C. Grellier, N. K. Zayer, and C. N. Pannell, Opt. Commun. 152, 324 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

Zhu, H.

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

A. J. C. Grellier, N. K. Zayer, and C. N. Pannell, Opt. Commun. 152, 324 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Pöllinger, D. O'Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, in Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, X.Fan, ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 377-393.
[CrossRef]

A.B.Matsko, ed., Practical Applications of Microresonators in Optics and Photonics (CRC Press, 2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of radiative heating accompanied by convective cooling (a) for a thin fiber and (b) for a thin wall.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical microscope image of a microbubble; (b) optical microscope image of three successive microbubbles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of the microbubble and microcapillary shown in Fig. 2a: 1, microbubble; 2, capillary; 3, spectrum of the microbubble averaged over 0.3 nm interval; 4, microbubble filled with ethanol. Inset, magnified measurement data near a resonant peak (dots) fitted with a Lorentzian curve (dashed).

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