Abstract

We present experimental demonstration of a 200-km-long, dual-wavelength Raman laser utilizing two slightly different-wavelength fiber Bragg gratings, one on each side of the fiber span. The obtained results clearly prove the generation of two independent Raman lasers with a distributed “random” Rayleigh scattering mirror forming a cavity together with each of the individual fiber Bragg grating reflectors.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.
  2. J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.
  7. G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, Opt. Lett. 22, 298 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. M. Ali, A. Ahmad, and R. Mohamad, Opt. Lett. 31, 918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Ahmad, A.

Ali, M. I. M.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babin, A.

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

Babin, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baptista, J. M.

O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, M.

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernikov, S. V.

Cheung, W. Y.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Churkin, D.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Churkin, D. V.

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

Correia, C.

O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Ellingham, T. J.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Taher, A.

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erdogan, T.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Fotiadi, A. A.

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frazao, O.

O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

Grubb, S. G.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Harper, P.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ibbotson, R.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kablukov, S. I.

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemaire, P. J.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Megret, P.

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mezentsev, V. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizrahi, V.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Mohamad, R.

Podivilov, E. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ravet, G.

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Taylor, J. R.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, V. K. Mezentsev, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 32, 1135 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

Zamzuri, A. K.

Zhang, L.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Megret, Electron. Lett. 40, 528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

O. Frazao, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 023902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, and S. K. Turitsyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-Europe/International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2009), Paper CJ5.6.

S. G. Grubb, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, P. J. Lemaire, A. M. Vengsarkar, and D. J. Digiovanni, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 197-199.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic depiction of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output power as a function of pump power; squares are the 1550 nm right laser output power versus right pump power and triangles are the 1551 nm left laser output power versus left pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra at various left pump (LP) and right pump (RP) power: (a) LP = 835   mW , RP = 0   mW ; (b) LP = 965   mW , RP = 0   mW ; (c) LP = 735   mW , RP = 1175   mW ; (d) LP = 965   mW , RP = 1175   mW .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RF spectra at (a) LP = 835   mW , RP = 0   mW ; (b) LP = 965   mW , RP = 0   mW .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time-domain behavior at (a) LP = 835   mW , RP = 0   mW ; (b) LP = 1060   mW , RP = 0   mW .

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