Abstract

We investigate the relationship between timing jitter and cavity loss of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with a carbon nanotube as a saturable absorber. It is the first time that we experimentally demonstrated the reduction of timing jitter by properly increasing laser cavity loss. The lowest timing jitter is achieved when the cavity loss is optimized. Theoretical analysis is in agreement with the experimental observations on the effect of cavity loss for the reduction of timing jitter. Moreover, it is experimentally shown that, at an optimal value of cavity loss, the timing jitter is reduced significantly by 24%, while the relative intensity noise increased by 4% only.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

2008 (4)

2007 (3)

G. C. Valley, Opt. Express 15, 1955 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 32, 3519 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 153 (2004).

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 201 (1986).

Bao, Q.

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benkler, E.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Byun, H.

Chen, J.

Cox, J.

Cox, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

derAu, J. A.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D.

Fendel, P.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fu, X.

Gee, S.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

Hänsch, T. W.

Haus, H. A.

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, L. A.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Juodawlkis, P. W.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 32, 3519 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Lei, D.

Loh, K.

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McFerran, J. J.

McNeilage, C.

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

Newbury, N. R.

Ozharar, S.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Plant, J. J.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prochnow, O.

Pudo, D.

Quinlan, F.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Searls, J.

Shao, Y.

Sickler, J. W.

Swann, W. C.

Tang, D.

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 201 (1986).

Wandt, D.

Washburn, B. R.

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S.

Wilken, T.

Xu, H.

Yokoyama, H.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, L.

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta, Appl. Phys. B 79, 153 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 201 (1986).

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. derAu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with a carbon nanotube as a saturable absorber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Phase-noise spectrum with respect to different additional attenuation added into the cavity; (b) calculated timing jitters according to (a) with integration range of 100 Hz 20 kHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Best results of a phase-noise spectrum with respect to different additional attenuation added into the cavity; (b) calculated timing jitter according to (a) with integration range of 100 Hz 20 kHz . Inset, corresponding optical spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Relative intensity noise spectrum with respect to different additional attenuation when best phase-noise performance is obtained in Fig. 3; (b) calculated RIN according to (a).

Equations (2)

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P V ( f ) = | H ̃ ( f ) | 2 | f ̃ ( f ) | 2 k = + [ δ ( f k f rep ) + P A ( f k f rep ) + 4 π 2 k 2 P J ( f k f rep ) ] ,
L ( f ) = ( 2 π f rep ) 2 [ D 2 D p T R 2 1 ( 2 π f ) 2 ( ( 2 π f ) 2 + τ p 2 ) + D t ( 2 π f ) 2 ] ,

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