Abstract

We demonstrate controlled excitation of Bloch modes and manipulation of diffraction and refraction in optically induced two-dimensional photonic lattices. Solely by adjusting the bias condition, the lattice structures can be reconfigured at ease, enabling the observation of transition between Bloch modes associated with different high-symmetry points of a photonic band, and interplay between normal and anomalous diffraction as well as positive and negative refraction under identical excitation condition.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Martin, E. D. Eugenieva, Z. Chen, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 123902 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2009

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hu, C. Lou, P. Zhang, J. Xu, J. Yang, and Z. Chen, Opt. Lett. 34, 3259 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

2006

I. Makasyuk, Z. Chen, and J. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 223903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Träger, R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, A. A. Sukhorukov, C. Denz, W. Królikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 14, 1913 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

H. Martin, E. D. Eugenieva, Z. Chen, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, Nature 422, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 424, 817 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. S. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aitchison, J. S.

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. S. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

T. Schwartz, G. Bartal, S. Fishman, and M. Segev, Nature 446, 52 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bräuer, A.

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Christodoulides, D. N.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Martin, E. D. Eugenieva, Z. Chen, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, Nature 422, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 424, 817 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Denz, C.

Desyatnikov, A. S.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efremidis, N. K.

J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, Nature 422, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisenberg, H. S.

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. S. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eugenieva, E. D.

H. Martin, E. D. Eugenieva, Z. Chen, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, R.

Fishman, S.

T. Schwartz, G. Bartal, S. Fishman, and M. Segev, Nature 446, 52 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischer, J. W.

J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, Nature 422, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

Hu, Y.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Krolikowski, W.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 30, 2293 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Królikowski, W.

Lederer, F.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 424, 817 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Q.

Lou, C.

Luo, C.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Makasyuk, I.

I. Makasyuk, Z. Chen, and J. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 223903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makris, K. G.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, H.

H. Martin, E. D. Eugenieva, Z. Chen, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morandotti, R.

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. S. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neshev, D. N.

Peleg, O.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peschel, U.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosberg, C. R.

Rüter, C. E.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartz, T.

T. Schwartz, G. Bartal, S. Fishman, and M. Segev, Nature 446, 52 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segev, M.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schwartz, G. Bartal, S. Fishman, and M. Segev, Nature 446, 52 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, Nature 422, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shandarova, K.

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 424, 817 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. S. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorel, M.

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sukhorukov, A. A.

Tan, X.

Träger, D.

Trompeter, H.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, F.

Xu, J.

Yang, D.

Yang, J.

Zentgraf, T.

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, P.

Zhao, J.

Nature

J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, Nature 422, 147 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schwartz, G. Bartal, S. Fishman, and M. Segev, Nature 446, 52 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 424, 817 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Morandotti, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. S. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Martin, E. D. Eugenieva, Z. Chen, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Shandarova, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, O. Peleg, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Makasyuk, Z. Chen, and J. Yang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 223903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(top) Calculated refractive index distributions and (bottom) experimentally observed plane-wave guidance pattern of the optically induced lattices under different conditions. Solid and dashed arrows in the first row represent the directions of the c axis and bias field, and the white circle corresponds to an intensity spot of a square lattice-inducing beam. (a)–(d): θ e = θ c = 0 ; θ e = θ c = π 4 ; θ e = 0 , θ c = π 2 ; θ e = π 4 , θ c = 3 π 4 . The corresponding bias fields are 2.4, 3.4, 8, and 3.2 kV cm , respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Demonstration of Bloch-mode transition by lattice reconfiguration. (a) and (b) illustrate the first-band diagram corresponding to lattices of Figs. 1d, 1c, respectively; (c) shows the boundary of the first BZ for (a) and (b); (d)–(g) are (top) calculated and (bottom) experimentally observed [(d), (f)] intensity and [(e), (g)] phase structures of Bloch modes excited at the solid green spots marked in (a)–(c) for lattices illustrated [(d), (e)] in Fig. 1d and [(f), (g)] in Fig. 1c.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Demonstration of 2D normal and anomalous diffraction by lattice reconfiguration. (a)–(d) Numerical (top) and experimental (bottom) results of output diffraction patterns of the same probe beam [excitation position marked by the circles in k-space of Figs. 2a, 2b, 2c] from the four lattices shown in Figs. 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, respectively. The crosses indicate the center of the input beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Demonstration of 2D positive and negative refraction by lattice reconfiguration. (a) Excitation scheme with locations in k-space of the two input beams marked by circles in inset. (b) Direction of refracted light (marked by arrows) at the first- and second-band diffraction curves. (c), (g) Illustration of light refraction from the first and second bands. (d)–(f) Numerical (top) and experimental (bottom) results of the output probe beam from lattices in Figs. 1b, 1c, 1d, respectively. The crosses indicate the center of the two beams at input.

Equations (2)

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( z i 2 2 ) B ( r ) = i ( φ x cos θ c + φ y sin θ c ) B ( r ) ,
2 φ + φ ln ( 1 + I ) = E 0 [ ln ( 1 + I ) x cos θ e + ln ( 1 + I ) y sin θ e ] ,

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