Abstract

Applications of lithium niobate in nonlinear optics at high light intensities are seriously hampered by optical damage. Recent investigations have shown that Hf4+ and Zr4+ ions have some advantages in suppressing optical damage of LiNbO3 with respect to Mg2+. Here we present Sn-doped LiNbO3 (Sn:LN). Experimental results indicate that Sn:LN has similar optical damage resistance to Mg-doped LiNbO3, but the doping threshold of Sn is only 2.5mol.%, where its distribution coefficient is 0.98. Hence Sn4+ ion turns out to be another good choice for increasing optical damage resistance of LiNbO3.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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