Abstract

A composite of the conjugate conductive polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene) (MEH-PPV) and CdSeZnS quantum dots (QDs) is utilized for nanoimprinted lasers after drop-casting onto one-dimensional omnidirectional Bragg mirrors. Strong amplified spontaneous emission is observed at the resonances of both the QDs and the polymer. Clearly resolved, low-threshold lasing was found after nano imprinting of distributed-feedback gratings on the composite surface. Energy transfer between the polymer molecules and the QDs is demonstrated by excitation spectroscopy.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009 (2)

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

F. Kong, Y. M. Sun, and R. K. Yuan, Nanotechnology 18, 265707 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

A. L. Holt, J. M. Leger, and S. A. Carter, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044704 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. McDonald, P. W. Cyr, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, Nature 4, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Oertel, M. G. Bawendi, A. C. Arango, and V. Bulovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 213505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, Science 295, 1506 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Nozik, Physica E 14, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. He, Y. Li, J. Liu, and Y. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4247 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, and B. J. Schwartz, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Harrison, G. R. Hayes, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1881 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anni, M.

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arango, A. C.

D. C. Oertel, M. G. Bawendi, A. C. Arango, and V. Bulovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 213505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Banin, U.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, Science 295, 1506 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

D. C. Oertel, M. G. Bawendi, A. C. Arango, and V. Bulovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 213505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulovic, V.

D. C. Oertel, M. G. Bawendi, A. C. Arango, and V. Bulovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 213505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carter, S. A.

A. L. Holt, J. M. Leger, and S. A. Carter, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044704 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, Y.

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, M. J.

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D. H.

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. H.

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chou, S. Y.

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cingolani, R.

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Creti, A.

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, P. W.

S. A. McDonald, P. W. Cyr, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, Nature 4, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eisler, H. J.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fox, M.

M. Fox, Optical Properties of Solids (Oxford U. Press, 2001).

Friend, R. H.

N. T. Harrison, G. R. Hayes, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1881 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaal, M.

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gadermaier, C.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldenberg, L. M.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, K. I.

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, N. T.

N. T. Harrison, G. R. Hayes, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1881 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayes, G. R.

N. T. Harrison, G. R. Hayes, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1881 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, F.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

He, G.

G. He, Y. Li, J. Liu, and Y. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4247 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hingerl, K.

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holt, A. L.

A. L. Holt, J. M. Leger, and S. A. Carter, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044704 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, B.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kan, S. H.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, Science 295, 1506 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazes, M.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, Science 295, 1506 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V.

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V. I.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koktych, L. M.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, F.

F. Kong, Y. M. Sun, and R. K. Yuan, Nanotechnology 18, 265707 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, P. R.

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lavchiev, V.

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leatherdale, C. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leger, J. M.

A. L. Holt, J. M. Leger, and S. A. Carter, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044704 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leising, G.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levina, L.

S. A. McDonald, P. W. Cyr, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, Nature 4, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

G. He, Y. Li, J. Liu, and Y. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4247 (2002).
[CrossRef]

List, E.

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

G. He, Y. Li, J. Liu, and Y. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4247 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, and B. J. Schwartz, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lomascolo, M.

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, D.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manna, L.

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martini, I. B.

T. Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, and B. J. Schwartz, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, S. A.

S. A. McDonald, P. W. Cyr, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, Nature 4, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Medvedev, V.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, Science 295, 1506 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhailovsky, A. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nguyen, T. Q.

T. Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, and B. J. Schwartz, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nocera, D. G.

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nozik, A. J.

A. J. Nozik, Physica E 14, 115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oertel, D. C.

D. C. Oertel, M. G. Bawendi, A. C. Arango, and V. Bulovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 213505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paek, S. H.

D. H. Choi, M. J. Cho, K. I. Han, J. H. Kim, S. H. Paek, and S. H. Choi, Synth. Met. 156, 685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, R. T.

N. T. Harrison, G. R. Hayes, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1881 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plank, H.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pogantsch, Al.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, Al. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. List, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Renstrom, P. J.

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sakhno, O. V.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sargent, E. H.

S. A. McDonald, P. W. Cyr, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, Nature 4, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, B. J.

T. Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, and B. J. Schwartz, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shen, F.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smirnova, T. N.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, H. I.

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Snee, P. T.

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steckel, J. S.

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chan, J. S. Steckel, P. T. Snee, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stumpe, J.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Y. M.

F. Kong, Y. M. Sun, and R. K. Yuan, Nanotechnology 18, 265707 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundar, C.

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tessler, N.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, Science 295, 1506 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teuchtmann, M.

M. Gaal, V. Lavchiev, M. Teuchtmann, H. Schmidt, K. Hingerl, and E. List, Appl. Phys. A 95, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Valenti, D.

M. Anni, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, D. Valenti, A. Creti, and M. Lomascolo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vikram, H. J.

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, M.

H. J. Vikram, C. Sundar, M. G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H. I. Smith, and V. Klimov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Z.

F. Shen, F. He, D. Lu, Z. Xie, W. Xie, Y. Ma, and B. Hu, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, C. A. Leatherdale, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 290, 314 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

G. He, Y. Li, J. Liu, and Y. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4247 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yezhov, P. V.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakhno, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Koktych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, R. K.

F. Kong, Y. M. Sun, and R. K. Yuan, Nanotechnology 18, 265707 (2007).
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Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (1)

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The two ASE lines, reported in for the same type of nanocrystals in titania under femtosecond excitation, were explained in terms of biexciton and multiexciton recombination. Here we used ns pulses, and only biexciton could be achieved.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the device (top) and an AFM image of a fraction of the imprinted area. The grating depth and period are 41 nm and 335 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PL (solid line) and transmission (dashed line) of (a) Cd Se Zn S QDs and (b) MEH-PPV on glass (S1 and S2) under nonresonant pumping ( h ν exc = 2.695 eV ) . Dotted lines, Gaussian fitting of Cd Se Zn S QD and MEH-PPV spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL spectra of Cd Se Zn S QDs for different h ν exc (S1). Note the strong increase of PL intensity with the emerging ASE. Inset, PL spectrum of the QDs with the ASE peak under nonresonant excitation ( h ν exc = 2.583 eV ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Threshold behavior of S4. Insets, spectrum evolution below and far above threshold. Excitation: h ν exc = 2.138 eV . FWHM as a function of excitation energy density.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Excitation spectra of MEH-PV (a) without Cd Se Zn S QDs (S2) and (b) with QDs (S3).

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