Abstract

We have constructed and experimentally characterized what we believe to be the first fiber-based source of degenerate polarization-entangled photon pairs in the telecommunication band. Our source design utilizes bichromatic pump pulses and an optical-fiber Sagnac loop aligned to deterministically separate degenerate photon pairs at a central wavelength. The source exhibits 0.997±0.006 fidelity with a maximally entangled state, measured using quantum state tomography. When reconfigured to produce identical photon pairs, the source exhibits a Hong–Ou–Mandel interference visibility of 0.97±0.04.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2000).
  2. J. B. Altepeter, E. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Opt. Express 13, 8951 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. S. Humble and W. P. Grice, Phys. Rev. A 77, 022312 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Chen, K. F. Lee, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 2798 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 76, 031804(R) (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Opt. Express 13, 7832 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (Elsevier, 2005).
  17. D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 17, 14558 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Transmissivities of individual elements: Sagnac loop, 0.7; circulator, 0.8; PDD, 0.6; two consecutive JDSU wavelength-division multiplexers for frequency filtering, 0.8; cumulative fiber patchcord transmission, 0.7; polarization analyzer, 0.7; fiber patchcords, 0.8; detector efficiency, 0.25.
  20. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).
  21. C. Liang, K. F. Lee, M. Medic, P. Kumar, R. H. Hadfield, and S. W. Nam, Opt. Express 15, 1322 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 17, 14558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

T. S. Humble and W. P. Grice, Phys. Rev. A 77, 022312 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 76, 031804(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Liang, K. F. Lee, M. Medic, P. Kumar, R. H. Hadfield, and S. W. Nam, Opt. Express 15, 1322 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Opt. Express 13, 7832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Opt. Express 13, 8951 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Acín, A.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alibart, O.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altepeter, J.

M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Altepeter, J. B.

M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 17, 14558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Opt. Express 13, 8951 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (Elsevier, 2005).

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briegel, H. -J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chuang, I.

M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2000).

Cirac, J. I.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Crépeau, C.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dür, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M. D.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fulconis, J.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grice, W. P.

T. S. Humble and W. P. Grice, Phys. Rev. A 77, 022312 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hadfield, R. H.

Hall, M.

M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, M. A.

Humble, T. S.

T. S. Humble and W. P. Grice, Phys. Rev. A 77, 022312 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Opt. Express 13, 7832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

James, D. F. V.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeffrey, E.

Jeffrey, E. R.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (Elsevier, 2005).

Jozsa, R.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kwiat, P. G.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Altepeter, E. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Opt. Express 13, 8951 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (Elsevier, 2005).

Lee, K. F.

Li, X.

Liang, C.

Mandel, L.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).

Medic, M.

M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Liang, K. F. Lee, M. Medic, P. Kumar, R. H. Hadfield, and S. W. Nam, Opt. Express 15, 1322 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Munro, W. J.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nam, S. W.

Nielsen, M.

M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2000).

O'Brien, J. L.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patel, M.

M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peres, A.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Opt. Express 13, 7832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voss, P. L.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).

Wootters, W. K.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Patel, J. Altepeter, M. Hall, M. Medic, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1685 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Humble and W. P. Grice, Phys. Rev. A 77, 022312 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 76, 031804(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O'Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, P. G. Kwiat, S. Tanzilli, N. Gisin, and A. Acín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (Elsevier, 2005).

Transmissivities of individual elements: Sagnac loop, 0.7; circulator, 0.8; PDD, 0.6; two consecutive JDSU wavelength-division multiplexers for frequency filtering, 0.8; cumulative fiber patchcord transmission, 0.7; polarization analyzer, 0.7; fiber patchcords, 0.8; detector efficiency, 0.25.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).

M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2000).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup for generating degenerate, polarization-entangled, and deterministically split photons: PDD, polarization-dependent time delay; FPC, fiber polarization controller; Circ, circulator; t 2 = t 1 + t .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absolute value of the reconstructed density matrix in the H V basis. The average imaginary part of the elements is 0.008, so the plot matches the real part. (b) Measured HOM dip and Gaussian fit.

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