Abstract

A 10.287GHz optoelectronic oscillator is experimentally demonstrated that uses a 1000 finesse Fabry–Perot etalon as the mode selector instead of an rf filter. The results are compared with a standard optoelectronic loop with an rf filter. The substitution of the rf filter with the optical filter results in a higher rf stability and lower phase noise.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Neyer and E. Voges, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 6 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. F. Lewis, Electron. Lett. 28, 31 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1725 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, in Frequency Control Symposium (2007), pp. 1023-1027.
  8. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

2008 (1)

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

2000 (2)

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

M. F. Lewis, Electron. Lett. 28, 31 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

A. Neyer and E. Voges, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 6 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aveline, D.

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

Davidson, T.

T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

Delfyett, P. J.

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, in Frequency Control Symposium (2007), pp. 1023-1027.

Eisenstein, G.

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

En-Ze, Y.

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, in Frequency Control Symposium (2007), pp. 1023-1027.

Goldgeier, P.

T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin-Long, Y.

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, M. F.

M. F. Lewis, Electron. Lett. 28, 31 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li-Tai, Z.

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1725 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

Nan, Y.

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

Neyer, A.

A. Neyer and E. Voges, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 6 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, M.

T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ozharar, S.

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, in Frequency Control Symposium (2007), pp. 1023-1027.

Quinlan, F.

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, in Frequency Control Symposium (2007), pp. 1023-1027.

Salik, E.

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shumakher, E.

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D.

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

Thompson, R.

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

Voges, E.

A. Neyer and E. Voges, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 6 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

Yao-Tian, W.

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N.

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Neyer and E. Voges, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 6 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. F. Lewis, Electron. Lett. 28, 31 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Davidson, P. Goldgeier, G. Eisenstein, and M. Orenstein, Electron. Lett. 35, 1260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, Y. Jin-Long, W. Yao-Tian, Z. Li-Tai, and Y. En-Ze, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Other (2)

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, in Frequency Control Symposium (2007), pp. 1023-1027.

D. Strekalov, D. Aveline, Y. Nan, R. Thompson, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, 21, 3052 (2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Standard OEO scheme with rf filter, (b) filtering of one of the rf modes ( Δ ν is the beat tone of the adjacent optical modes) by using an rf filter, (c) OEO scheme with a Fabry–Perot etalon, (d) filtering of the optical modes with the etalon transmission function, (e) beat tone of the optical modes that are separated by ω or the free spectral range (FSR) of the etalon.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the OEO with the Fabry–Perot etalon setup. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; PC, polarization controller; EOM, electro-optic modulator; PD, photodiode; rf. Amp, rf amplifier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

rf spectrum of OEO tone centered at 10.287 GHz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of phase noise of the OEO with rf filter and with etalon (normalized power).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrogram of the rf traces over 1 min of OEO with (a) the Fabry–Perot etalon and (b) rf filter.

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