Abstract

We developed a microscope intended to probe, using a parallel heterodyne receiver, the fluctuation spectrum of light quasi-elastically scattered by gold nanoparticles diffusing in viscous fluids. The cutoff frequencies of the recorded spectra scale up linearly with those expected from single-scattering formalism in a wide range of dynamic viscosities (1 to 15 times water viscosity at room temperature). Our scheme enables ensemble-averaged optical fluctuations measurements over multispeckle recordings in low light, at temporal frequencies up to 10kHz, with a 12Hz framerate array detector.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

2006 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

V. Viasnoff, F. Lequeux, and D. J. Pine, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. Kaplan, V. Trappe, and D. Weitz, Appl. Opt. 38, 4151 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Cipelletti and D. A. Weitz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. Boas and A. Yodh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 192 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

T. Mason, H. Gang, and D. Weitz, J. Mol. Struct. 383, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

J. Ricka, Appl. Opt. 32, 2860 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Y. Wong and P. Wiltzius, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2547 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1985 (1)

I. Nishio, J. Peetermans, and T. Tanaka, Cell Biochem. Biophys. 7, 91 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

Absil, É.

Atlan, M.

Bartsch, E.

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Ziv, R.

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berne, B. J.

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Dover, 2000).

Blank, P.

Boas, D.

Brown, R.

Buck, A.

Carlson, F.

Cerbino, R.

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science (2007).

Cipelletti, L.

L. Cipelletti and D. A. Weitz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, S.

Cohen-Addad, S.

Coppey-Moisan, M.

Desbiolles, P.

Egelhaaf, S. U.

El-Sayed, I.

P. Jain, K. Lee, I. El-Sayed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 7238 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M.

P. Jain, K. Lee, I. El-Sayed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 7238 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frenz, V.

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fujime, S.

T. Maeda and S. Fujime, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 566 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gang, H.

T. Mason, H. Gang, and D. Weitz, J. Mol. Struct. 383, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gisler, T.

Gross, M.

Hohler, R.

Jain, P.

P. Jain, K. Lee, I. El-Sayed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 7238 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Juptner, W.

Kaplan, P.

Kirsch, S.

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Labiausse, V.

Lee, K.

P. Jain, K. Lee, I. El-Sayed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 7238 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lequeux, F.

V. Viasnoff, F. Lequeux, and D. J. Pine, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lide, D.

D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, 2004).

Maeda, T.

T. Maeda and S. Fujime, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 566 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mason, T.

T. Mason, H. Gang, and D. Weitz, J. Mol. Struct. 383, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meller, A.

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moses, E.

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishio, I.

I. Nishio, J. Peetermans, and T. Tanaka, Cell Biochem. Biophys. 7, 91 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pecora, R.

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Dover, 2000).

Peetermans, J.

I. Nishio, J. Peetermans, and T. Tanaka, Cell Biochem. Biophys. 7, 91 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pine, D. J.

V. Viasnoff, F. Lequeux, and D. J. Pine, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ricka, J.

Rüger, H.

Safran, S.

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schartl, W.

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scheffold, F.

P. Zakharov, A. Völker, A. Buck, B. Weber, and F. Scheffold, Opt. Lett. 31, 3465 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science (2007).

Schnars, U.

Schurtenberger, P.

Sillescu, H.

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stavans, J.

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

I. Nishio, J. Peetermans, and T. Tanaka, Cell Biochem. Biophys. 7, 91 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tessier, G.

Tishler, R.

Tlusty, T.

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trappe, V.

Tschumi, J.

Viasnoff, V.

V. Viasnoff, F. Lequeux, and D. J. Pine, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Völker, A.

Weber, B.

Weitz, D.

P. Kaplan, V. Trappe, and D. Weitz, Appl. Opt. 38, 4151 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mason, H. Gang, and D. Weitz, J. Mol. Struct. 383, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

L. Cipelletti and D. A. Weitz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiltzius, P.

A. P. Y. Wong and P. Wiltzius, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2547 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wong, A. P. Y.

A. P. Y. Wong and P. Wiltzius, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2547 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yodh, A.

Zakharov, P.

Appl. Opt. (7)

Cell Biochem. Biophys. (1)

I. Nishio, J. Peetermans, and T. Tanaka, Cell Biochem. Biophys. 7, 91 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Kirsch, V. Frenz, W. Schartl, E. Bartsch, and H. Sillescu, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Struct. (1)

T. Mason, H. Gang, and D. Weitz, J. Mol. Struct. 383, 81 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

P. Jain, K. Lee, I. El-Sayed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 7238 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Bar-Ziv, A. Meller, T. Tlusty, E. Moses, J. Stavans, and S. Safran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (4)

T. Maeda and S. Fujime, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 566 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Y. Wong and P. Wiltzius, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2547 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Cipelletti and D. A. Weitz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Viasnoff, F. Lequeux, and D. J. Pine, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science (2007).

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Dover, 2000).

D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, 2004).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical configuration. A colloidal gold suspension in a calibrated viscous fluid is illuminated by single-mode laser light. The total internal reflection at the top interface ensures a dark-field illumination of the particles. The light field E scattered by the sample beats against a local oscillator field E LO , detuned by Δ ω with respect to the illumination field E I . E LO is tilted by Δ θ with respect to E. The interference pattern | E + E LO | 2 is recorded by a CCD camera.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Hologram ( 1024 × 1024  pixels ) calculated in the exit plane of the objective (arrow). (b) Zoom ( 141 × 141  pixels ) of the objective pupil.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

First-order light fluctuations spectra normalized by the relative weight of dynamically scattered light. The relative viscosities of the samples [23] are (1) η η 0 = 1.00 , (2) 1.69, (3) 3.94, and (4) 15.40. Continuous lines are plotted from Eq. (4). Data points (5) represent the apparatus lineshape in the frequency domain, and the continuous line is plotted from Eq. (6). The horizontal axis is the detuning frequency Δ ω ( 2 π ) .

Equations (7)

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g 1 d ( q , τ ) = exp ( D q 2 τ ) = exp ( τ τ c ) ,
g 1 d ( τ ) exp ( D a k 2 τ ) ,
g 1 ( τ ) = ( 1 ρ ) | g 1 d ( τ ) | + ρ ,
s 1 ( ω ) = ( 1 ρ ) s 1 d ( ω ) B ( ω ) + ρ B ( ω ) ,
I n off-axis = 1 τ E 0 τ E E E LO * exp [ i Δ ω ( t n + τ ) ] d τ ,
B ( Δ ω ) = ( Δ ω τ E ) 2 sin 2 ( Δ ω τ E 2 ) sin 2 ( π Δ ω ω S ) .
s 1 d ( ω ) = 1 ( 1 + ω 2 τ c 2 ) ,

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