Abstract

We report the experimental observation of enhanced rotation sensing in a slow-light structure. We demonstrate that the differential of the phase difference, introduced by rotation, between the counterpropagating waves is proportional to the group index, and thus we can obtain large rotation sensitivity in the slow-light structure with high dispersion (large group index). The results also predict the realization of highly sensitive and compact integrated rotation sensors and gyroscopes by using microwaveguides.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (7)

2006 (3)

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 259, 393 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. S. Poon, L. Zhu, G. A. DeRose, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 31, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. Mookherjea, Opt. Lett. 30, 2406 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Z. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 233, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, and Q. Park, Phys. Rev. E 65, 036619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

U. Leonhardt and P. Piwnicki, Phys. Rev. A 62, 055801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, Electron. Lett. 36, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

E. J. Post, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 475 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boag, A.

Boyd, R. W.

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, and Q. Park, Phys. Rev. E 65, 036619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DeRose, G. A.

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, C.

Gopal, V.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, and Q. Park, Phys. Rev. E 65, 036619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hoekstra, H. J. W. M.

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 259, 393 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 233, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt and P. Piwnicki, Phys. Rev. A 62, 055801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Maleki, L.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 259, 393 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 233, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 259, 393 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 233, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melloni, A.

Messall, M.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mookherjea, S.

Morichetti, F.

Park, Q.

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, and Q. Park, Phys. Rev. E 65, 036619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pati, G. S.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

Piwnicki, P.

U. Leonhardt and P. Piwnicki, Phys. Rev. A 62, 055801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Poon, J. K. S.

Post, E. J.

E. J. Post, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 475 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

Salit, K.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 259, 393 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 233, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, J.

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Steinberg, B. Z.

Tripathi, R.

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uranus, H. P.

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, A.

Yariv, A.

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. S. Poon, L. Zhu, G. A. DeRose, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 31, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yariv, Electron. Lett. 36, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

Zhuang, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yariv, Electron. Lett. 36, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 233, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 259, 393 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

U. Leonhardt and P. Piwnicki, Phys. Rev. A 62, 055801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Shahriar, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, and K. Salit, Phys. Rev. A 75, 053807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, and Q. Park, Phys. Rev. E 65, 036619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Z. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

E. J. Post, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 475 (1967).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the slow-light structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase shifts of counterpropagating waves and the phase differences, introduced by the slow-light structure when Ω = 0 and Ω = 2 π rad s .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experiment setup for the measurement of the phase difference introduced by the rotation of the slow-light structure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interference spectra at different rotary velocities; Ω = 0 , 2 π , 2 π rad s .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental and theoretical phase differences and phase difference enhancement factors depending on rotary velocity. The rotary velocity is in an increasing step of π 6 rad s in the experimental result.

Equations (7)

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T = | T | exp ( i Φ 0 ) = b 1 a 1 = t α e i ϕ 0 1 α t * e i ϕ 0 ,
Δ ϕ = N 4 ω A c 2 Ω ,
ϕ ( ω , Ω ) ± = n e ω L c ± N 2 ω A c 2 Ω .
Φ ( ω 0 , Ω ) Φ ( ω 0 , 0 ) = ϕ ( ω 0 , 0 ) ϕ ( ω 0 , Ω ) n g n e d ϕ .
Δ Φ ( ω 0 , Ω ) = 2 | ϕ ( ω 0 , 0 ) ϕ ( ω 0 , Ω ) n g n e d ϕ | + Δ Φ ( ω 0 , 0 ) ,
η ( Ω ) = Δ Φ ( ω 0 , Ω ) Δ Φ ( ω 0 , 0 ) Δ ϕ ( ω 0 , Ω ) Δ ϕ ( ω 0 , 0 ) = | ϕ ( ω 0 , 0 ) ϕ ( ω 0 , Ω ) n g n e d ϕ ϕ ( ω 0 , 0 ) ϕ ( ω 0 , Ω ) d ϕ | ,
I 1 = I 2 2 + I 3 2 + I 2 I 3 cos ( Δ Φ ( ω , Ω ) ) .

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