Abstract

We demonstrate a source of photon pairs with widely separated wavelengths, 810 and 1548 nm, generated through spontaneous four-wave mixing in a microstructured fiber. The second-order autocorrelation function g(2)(0) was measured to confirm the nonclassical nature of a heralded single-photon source constructed from the fiber. The microstructured fiber presented herein has the interesting property of generating photon pairs with wavelengths suitable for a quantum repeater able to link free-space channels with fiber channels, as well as for a high-quality telecommunication wavelength heralded single photon source. It also has the advantage of potentially low-loss coupling into standard optical fiber. These reasons make this photon pair source particularly interesting for long-distance quantum communication.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Tittel and G. Weihs, Quantum Inf. Comp. 1, 3 (2001).
  2. C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175-179.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2006 (2)

K. Fook Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

2003 (1)

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 66, 042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, Quantum Inf. Comp. 1, 3 (2001).

1998 (1)

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Acín, A.

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Alibart, O.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aspect, A.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, P.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baek, B.

Baldi, P.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175-179.

Beveratos, A.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175-179.

Briegel, H. -J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bussières, F.

Chen, J.

Chou, C. W.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, K.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Riedmatten, H.

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Duan, L. -M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duligall, J.

Dür, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, S. D.

Eisaman, M. D.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, J.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fook Lee, K.

Fulconis, J.

Gerry, C. C.

C. C. Gerry and P. L. Knight, Introductory Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 2005).

Gisin, N.

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Godbout, N.

Goldschmidt, E. A.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Halder, M.

Hanbury Brown, R.

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

C. C. Gerry and P. L. Knight, Introductory Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 2005).

Kudlinski, A.

Kumar, P.

K. Fook Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

K. Fook Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, C.

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcikic, I.

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

McMillan, A. R.

Migdall, A.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mussot, A.

Nam, S. W.

Polyakov, S. V.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, V.

Rarity, J.

Rarity, J. G.

Ritchie, D. A.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roger, G.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Santori, C.

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 66, 042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scarani, V.

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slater, J.

Stevenson, R. M.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

F. Bussières, J. Slater, N. Godbout, and W. Tittel, Opt. Express 16, 17060 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, Quantum Inf. Comp. 1, 3 (2001).

Twiss, R. Q.

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P. L.

K. Fook Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Waks, E.

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 66, 042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, Quantum Inf. Comp. 1, 3 (2001).

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, C.

Yamamoto, Y.

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 66, 042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Young, R. J.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

V. Scarani, H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Eur. Phys. J. D 32, 129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acín, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Nature (3)

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

E. A. Goldschmidt, M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 66, 042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Inf. Comp. (1)

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, Quantum Inf. Comp. 1, 3 (2001).

Other (2)

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175-179.

C. C. Gerry and P. L. Knight, Introductory Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 2005).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase-matching curves of the MSF [18]. The vertical line corresponds to the pump wavelength. Inset, scanning electron microscope image of the MSF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. MSF, microstructured fiber; DM1, dichroic mirror to separate 810 and 1548 nm photons; D H , silicon-based single-photon avalanche photodiode (APD), D A , D B , InGaAs-based single-photon APD; 50/50, fiber 50/50 coupler; Trig., D H detection signal used to activate D A and D B , Det.; D A or D B detection signal; TDC, time-to-digital converter used to record all detection; TG, transmission grating used to purify 1064 nm pump; notch, notch = filter to reject pump; DM2, dichroic mirror used in multipass configuration to separate 810 or 1548 nm photons from the pump; F, short-pass and long-pass filter to isolate 810 nm photons; FBG, fiber Bragg grating to isolate 1548 nm photons.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) g ( 2 ) ( 0 ) as a function of pump power. Error bars depict one standard deviation. Solid line represents theoretical g ( 2 ) ( 0 ) prediction. Inset, D H and D A coincidence detections as a function of power. The quadratic dependency is a characteristic of SFWM when p 2 p 1 . This data was obtained from a different, yet typical, experimental run than the g 2 (0) data. (b) g ( 2 ) ( n ) at 12.5 mW average pump power ( 3.5 × 10 4 810 nm counts/sec resulting in 4.4 × 10 3 photon pairs per pulse), where n is the D H detection offset between D A and D B activations.

Equations (1)

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g ( 2 ) ( 0 ) = p A B H p A H × p B H ,

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