Abstract

A photonic approach to the instantaneous measurement of multiple frequency components using a spectrally sliced incoherent source (SSIS) is proposed. In the proposed system, a broadband incoherent source is spectrally sliced using an etalon to generate an SSIS. Each channel of the SSIS is externally modulated by a microwave signal containing multiple frequency components. The modulated SSIS is then sent to a second etalon. Thanks to the difference between the free spectral ranges of the two etalons, multiple frequency components are simultaneously estimated from the power distribution at the output channels of the second etalon. Compared with the use of a laser source array, the use of an SSIS provides a simpler way to perform multiple-frequency-component measurement.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

2007

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 877 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. T. Winnall and A. C. Lindsay, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aditya, S.

Attygalle, M.

M. Attygalle and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Austin, M. W.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bourke, M. M.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyne, C. M.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brock, J. C.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bui, L. A.

Canning, J.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, H.

X. Zou, H. Chi, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 57, 505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davis, R. L.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, M. V.

Emami, H.

Fu, S.

Heaton, J. M.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D. B.

M. Attygalle and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jones, S. B.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jung, T. J.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lembo, L. J.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Lin, J.

Lindsay, A. C.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Winnall and A. C. Lindsay, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lodenkamper, R.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, A.

H. Emami, N. Sarkhosh, L. A. Bui, and A. Mitchell, Opt. Express 16, 13707 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monteiro, P.

Nguyen, L. V. T.

L. V. T. Nguyen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nogueira, R. N.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

Sarkhosh, N.

Seeds, A. J.

A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 877 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Shum, P. P.

Smith, G. W.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

Volkening, F. A.

F. A. Volkening, U.S. patent 7245833B1 (July 17, 2007).

Wang, W.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Waston, C. D.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wight, D. R.

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Winnall, S. T.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Winnall and A. C. Lindsay, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Wu, M. C.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xia, L.

Xu, K.

Yan, L. S.

Yao, J. P.

X. Zou, S. Pan, and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, H. Chi, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 57, 505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, J. Q.

Zou, X.

X. Zou, H. Chi, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 57, 505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, S. Pan, and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Attygalle and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. V. T. Nguyen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.

A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 877 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, H. Chi, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 57, 505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1996 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Winnall and A. C. Lindsay, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. M. Heaton, C. D. Waston, S. B. Jones, M. M. Bourke, C. M. Boyne, G. W. Smith, and D. R. Wight, Proc. SPIE 3278, 245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

F. A. Volkening, U.S. patent 7245833B1 (July 17, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed approach: ILS, incoherent light source; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; PD, photodetector. (Inset, the comb responses of two etalons.)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Estimation of two frequency components at X and 3 X   GHz using the proposed system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results of the established system where two etalons having FSRs and finesses of 200 GHz and 100, and 205 GHz and 102.5, respectively, are used. The spectra measured at the outputs of (a) etalon I, (b) the MZM, (c) etalon II, and the detected optical powers with (d) the use of two frequency components at 9 and 29 GHz or (e) the use of three frequency components at 15, 30, and 45 GHz.

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