Abstract

Frequency-shifted feedback (FSF) lasers have emerged as powerful tools for precision distance metrology. At the output of a Michelson interferometer, the detected rf spectra of the FSF laser light contain a length-dependent heterodyne beat signal whose linewidth ultimately limits the achievable accuracy of length measurements. Here, we demonstrate a narrow-linewidth chirped frequency comb from an FSF Ti:sapphire ring laser seeded by a phase-modulated, ultra-low-phase-noise, single-frequency fiber laser. We experimentally investigate the influence of the seed laser linewidth on the resulting width and shape of the length-dependent rf beat signal. An ultranarrow heterodyne beat linewidth of <20Hz is observed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 282, 300 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 236, 183 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 282, 300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 236, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 242, 581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, T. Miyamoto, N. Zou, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 9, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. Bonnet, S. Balle, T. Kraft, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 123, 790 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 88, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (2)

F. V. Kowalski, P. D. Hale, and S. J. Shattil, Opt. Lett. 13, 622 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. V. Kowalski, S. J. Shattil, and P. D. Hale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

G. Bonnet, S. Balle, T. Kraft, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 123, 790 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 88, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1412 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 282, 300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 236, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 242, 581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Express 11, 2060 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bonnet, S. Balle, T. Kraft, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 123, 790 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 88, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1412 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bonnet, G.

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Express 11, 2060 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bonnet, S. Balle, T. Kraft, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 123, 790 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hale, P. D.

F. V. Kowalski, S. J. Shattil, and P. D. Hale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. V. Kowalski, P. D. Hale, and S. J. Shattil, Opt. Lett. 13, 622 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hara, T.

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, T. Miyamoto, N. Zou, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 9, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khodakovskyy, V. M.

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

F. V. Kowalski, P. D. Hale, and S. J. Shattil, Opt. Lett. 13, 622 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. V. Kowalski, S. J. Shattil, and P. D. Hale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kraft, T.

G. Bonnet, S. Balle, T. Kraft, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 123, 790 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Littler, I. C. M.

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 88, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1412 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miyahara, T.

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, T.

Nakamura, K.

M. Yoshida, T. Miyamoto, N. Zou, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 9, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ogurtsov, V. V.

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shattil, S. J.

F. V. Kowalski, S. J. Shattil, and P. D. Hale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. V. Kowalski, P. D. Hale, and S. J. Shattil, Opt. Lett. 13, 622 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shore, B. W.

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 282, 300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 242, 581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 236, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Express 11, 2060 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stellpflug, M.

Yatsenko, L. P.

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 282, 300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 242, 581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 236, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, T. Miyamoto, N. Zou, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 9, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zou, N.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. V. Kowalski, S. J. Shattil, and P. D. Hale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Nakamura, T. Hara, M. Yoshida, T. Miyahara, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (8)

I. C. M. Littler, S. Balle, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 88, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Bonnet, S. Balle, T. Kraft, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 123, 790 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 236, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 242, 581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 266, 627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, V. M. Khodakovskyy, L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 281, 1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Yatsenko, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Commun. 282, 300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

FSF Ti:sapphire ring laser seeded by a PM ultra-low-phase-noise distributed-feedback fiber laser (DFB-FL): CM, curved mirror; FI, Faraday isolator; C, collimator; PPLN, waveguide PPLN; BS, beam splitter; RA/MA, reference/measurement arm; PD, photodiode; and RSA, rf spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra of the FSF Ti:sapphire laser: SE-seeded spectrum (i.e., for blocked seed laser), spectrum for seeding at 777.5 nm (wavelength indicated by arrow) with the SH of the SFFL (top/red curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Length-dependent rf beat signals B1–B3: (a) beat signals for different NBW of the PM seed source as indicated and for a blocked seed laser (SE seeded) and (b) beat signals for a single-line PM seed (i.e., pure sinusoidal PM, without additional white noise from the VSG). The resolution bandwidth (RBW) is 100 Hz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)–(c) Influence of detuning the center frequency of the PM seed: beat signals for PM seed with (a) 100, (b) 40, and (c) 10 kHz NBW detuned from the beat at f b as indicated. (d) High-resolution zoom into the beat signal for single-line PM seed and zero detuning. The black curves indicate the SE-seeded case. The RBW is 300 Hz for seeded curves in (a)–(c) and 10 Hz for the inset in (d); it is 100 Hz for all others.

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