Abstract

We report, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, a watt level cw fiber laser at 2μm from a piece of 40-cm-long newly developed highly thulium-doped (3.76×1020 ions/cm3) tungsten tellurite glass double cladding fiber pumped by a commercial 800nm laser diode. The maximum output power of the fiber laser reaches 1.12W. The slope efficiency and the optical–optical efficiency with respect to the absorbed pump are 20% and 16%, respectively. The lasing threshold is 1.46W, and the lasing wavelength is centered at 1937nm.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
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  2. B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, and C. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
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  10. J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 32, 638(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2010

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, Appl. Phys. B 78, 325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bai, G.

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, Appl. Phys. B 78, 325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Binks, D.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, Opt. Lett. 33, 402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, C.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, and C. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buerger, H.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, I. C. S.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

dos Santos, F. E. P.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fávero, F. C.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fokine, M.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fusari, F.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, and C. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, and C. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, Opt. Lett. 33, 402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, S.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 32, 638(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Li, H.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, K.

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lousteau, J.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, Opt. Lett. 33, 402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moloney, J. V.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morrell, M. M.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ng, L. N.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qua, T.

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, and C. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, Opt. Lett. 33, 402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabet, S.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schülzgen, A.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sessions, N. P.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Temyanko, V. L.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, Opt. Lett. 33, 402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, Appl. Phys. B 78, 325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 32, 638(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xing, J.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, Z.

Zhang, J.

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zong, J.

Appl. Phys. B

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, Appl. Phys. B 78, 325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, S. Jiang, T. Qua, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

K. Li, Q. Zhang, G. Bai, S. Fan, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, J. Alloys Compd. 504, 573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

F. E. P. dos Santos, F. C. Fávero, A. S. L. Gomes, J. Xing, Q. Chen, M. Fokine, and I. C. S. Carvalho, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 024512 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Inorg. Mater.

K. Li, G. Wang, L. Hu, J. Zhang, and J. Hu, J. Inorg. Mater. 25, 429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron.

B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 317 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

B. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

B. Richards, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, F. Fusari, A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, Opt. Mater. 3, 187 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission spectrum of 1 mol. % -doped tungsten tellurite glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of thulium-doped tungsten tellurite fiber laser experiment setup. HR, high reflection; AR, antireflection.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output power versus absorbed power. The slope efficiency is 20% with respect to the absorbed power. The absorption efficiency of this fiber at the pumping wavelength is 61 ± 3 % .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The spectrum of the fiber laser. The inset is the cross section of the tungsten tellurite glass double-cladding fiber.

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