Abstract

We investigated the dependences of Brillouin frequency shift (BFS) on strain and temperature in a perfluorinated graded-index polymer optical fiber (PFGI-POF) at 1.55μm wavelength. They showed negative dependences with coefficients of 121.8MHz/% and 4.09MHz/K, respectively, which are 0.2 and 3.5 times as large as those in silica fibers. These unique BFS dependences indicate that the Brillouin scattering in PFGI-POFs has a big potential for strain-insensitive high-accuracy temperature sensing.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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2010 (2)

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3144 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

I. R. Husdi, K. Nakamura, and S. Ueha, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1553 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

1995 (1)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

T. Horiguchi and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1170(1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, 107 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1976 (1)

D. D. Raftopoulos, D. Karapanos, and P. S. Theocaris, J. Phys. D 9, 869 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1995).

Barton, J. S.

Bennion, I.

Dobb, H.

Feldman, A.

Fender, A.

Fleming, J. W.

Hasegawa, T.

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

Hassan, T.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3144 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 16, 12148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horiguchi, T.

T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, and M. Tateda, Appl. Opt. 29, 2219 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Horiguchi and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1170(1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, 107 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, D.

Hotate, K.

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 16, 12148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

Husdi, I. R.

I. R. Husdi, K. Nakamura, and S. Ueha, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1553 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, T.

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

Karapanos, D.

D. D. Raftopoulos, D. Karapanos, and P. S. Theocaris, J. Phys. D 9, 869 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kiesel, S.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3144 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, Y.

J. Saneyoshi, Y. Kikuchi, and O. Nomoto, Handbook of Ultrasonic Technology (Nikkan Kogyo, 1978), Chap. 5.

Koike, Y.

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kowalsky, M.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3144 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurashima, T.

T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, and M. Tateda, Appl. Opt. 29, 2219 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, 107 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics: Materials, Physics, and Applications (CRC Press, 2006).
[CrossRef]

MacPherson, W. N.

Mizuno, Y.

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 16, 12148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, K.

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Husdi, K. Nakamura, and S. Ueha, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1553 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, E.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nomoto, O.

J. Saneyoshi, Y. Kikuchi, and O. Nomoto, Handbook of Ultrasonic Technology (Nikkan Kogyo, 1978), Chap. 5.

Peters, K.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3144 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raftopoulos, D. D.

D. D. Raftopoulos, D. Karapanos, and P. S. Theocaris, J. Phys. D 9, 869 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Saneyoshi, J.

J. Saneyoshi, Y. Kikuchi, and O. Nomoto, Handbook of Ultrasonic Technology (Nikkan Kogyo, 1978), Chap. 5.

Silva-Lopez, M.

Stolen, R. H.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, and M. Tateda, Appl. Opt. 29, 2219 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, 107 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1170(1989).
[CrossRef]

Theocaris, P. S.

D. D. Raftopoulos, D. Karapanos, and P. S. Theocaris, J. Phys. D 9, 869 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ueha, S.

I. R. Husdi, K. Nakamura, and S. Ueha, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1553 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Waxler, R. M.

Webb, D. J.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, D.

Zou, W.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, 107 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1170(1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

D. D. Raftopoulos, D. Karapanos, and P. S. Theocaris, J. Phys. D 9, 869 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3144 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Husdi, K. Nakamura, and S. Ueha, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1553 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

J. Saneyoshi, Y. Kikuchi, and O. Nomoto, Handbook of Ultrasonic Technology (Nikkan Kogyo, 1978), Chap. 5.

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics: Materials, Physics, and Applications (CRC Press, 2006).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured dependences of (a) the BGS and (b) the BFS on strain in the PFGI-POF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured dependences of (a) the BGS and (b) the BFS on temperature in the PFGI-POF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependences of (a) the Young’s modulus and (b) the density of bulk PMMA, plotted using the data reported in [19].

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ν B = 2 n ν A λ p = 2 n λ p E ρ ,
1 ν B ν B ε = 1 n n ε + 1 2 E E ε + ( 1 2 ρ ρ ε ) .
1 n n ε = n 2 p 12 κ ( p 11 + p 12 ) 2 ,
1 ρ ρ ε = 1 2 κ 2 ,
1 ν B ν B T = 1 n n T + 1 2 E E T + ( 1 2 ρ ρ T ) .

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