Abstract

A spectrum sliced microwave photonic signal processor structure, which is all-fiber based and features simplicity, together with the ability to realize tunability, reconfigurability, bipolar taps, and multiple-tap rf filtering, is presented. It is based on thermally controlled optical slicing filters induced into two linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings. Experimental results demonstrate the realization of versatile microwave photonic filters with frequency tunable, reconfiguration, and bipolar-tap generation capabilities.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 6, 103 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Yi and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 880 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Capmany, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, Opt. Express 13, 1412 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Capmany, J. Mora, D. Pastor, and B. Ortega, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2730 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, Electron Lett. 45, 840 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Q. Ngo, D. Liu, S. C. Tjin, X. Dong, and P. Shum, Opt. Lett. 30, 2994 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277(1997).
  10. A. Othonos and K. Kalli, in Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999), Chap. 3.

2009 (1)

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, Electron Lett. 45, 840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 880 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

1996 (1)

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 6, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, J. Mora, D. Pastor, and B. Ortega, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2730 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, Opt. Express 13, 1412 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, X.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277(1997).

Gunnarsson, O.

I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Helmfrid, S.

I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. X. H.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, Electron Lett. 45, 840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D. B.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 6, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kalli, K.

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, in Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999), Chap. 3.

Kjellberg, L.

I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

Minasian, R. A.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, Electron Lett. 45, 840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 880 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 6, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

J. Capmany, J. Mora, D. Pastor, and B. Ortega, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2730 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, Opt. Express 13, 1412 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ngo, N. Q.

Ortega, B.

J. Capmany, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, Opt. Express 13, 1412 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Capmany, J. Mora, D. Pastor, and B. Ortega, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2730 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, in Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999), Chap. 3.

Pastor, D.

J. Capmany, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, Opt. Express 13, 1412 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Capmany, J. Mora, D. Pastor, and B. Ortega, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2730 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, I.

I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Tjin, S. C.

Yi, X.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, Electron Lett. 45, 840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 880 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron Lett. (1)

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, Electron Lett. 45, 840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. (1)

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 6, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Capmany, J. Mora, D. Pastor, and B. Ortega, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2730 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (2)

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 880 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

I. Petermann, S. Helmfrid, O. Gunnarsson, and L. Kjellberg, J. Opt. A 9, 1057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277(1997).

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, in Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999), Chap. 3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure of the proposed microwave photonic filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured spectrum sliced source with four induced transmission windows.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical power of the sliced source versus driving current, with the temperature profile along the grating obtained from thermal camera image measurements.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Four-tap filter with uniform weighting (a) 2.18 GHz FSR and (b) 3.17 GHz FSR: solid curve, measurement; dashed curve, theory.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Frequency response of seven-tap filter (a) with unity bipolar coefficients and (b) with apodized bipolar coefficients: solid curve, measurement; dashed curve, theory.

Equations (1)

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| H ( f m ) | = R | k = 0 N 1 B k W k e j 2 π f m k Δ t | ,

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