Abstract

We present a new configuration of quadriwave lateral shearing interferometer dedicated to phase detection for beam-combining purposes. Assuming that the fibers are disposed in a matrix arrangement, our scheme gives direct access to the phase step between adjacent fibers in two dimensions. Experimentally recorded interferograms are made only of two-wave interference fringes that scroll as the phase evolves in the fibers. This simplicity allows fast treatment by the spatial demodulation process, and the phase map from the fibers can be estimated in real time. No external reference is required, and the technique is fully compatible with a high number of fibers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, C. B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, Opt. Express 14, 12015 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. J. August, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Toulon, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Guérineau, S. Collin, J. L. Pelouard, and J. Primot, Opt. Express 16, 7060 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Mousset, C. Rouyer, G. Marre, N. Blanchot, S. Montant, and B. Wattellier, Opt. Lett. 31, 2634 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 370 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Primot and L. Sogno, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2679 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Toulon, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Guérineau, S. Collin, J. L. Pelouard, and J. Primot, Opt. Express 16, 7060 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1995 (1)

1977 (1)

August, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

Bellanger, C.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benham, V.

Bennai, B.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blanchot, N.

Bourdon, P.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Canat, G.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collin, S.

Culpepper, M. A.

Delezoide, C.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Demoustier, S.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. August, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fried, D. L.

Galvanauskas, A.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guérineau, N.

B. Toulon, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Guérineau, S. Collin, J. L. Pelouard, and J. Primot, Opt. Express 16, 7060 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haïdar, R.

B. Toulon, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Guérineau, S. Collin, J. L. Pelouard, and J. Primot, Opt. Express 16, 7060 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Higgs, C.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, D.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaouen, Y.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jolivet, V.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klansky, J. E.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Labaune, C.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. A.

Marre, G.

Mercier, R.

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Montant, S.

Mourou, G.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mousset, S.

Murphy, D. V.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, D. J.

Pelouard, J. L.

Pilkington, D.

Pourtal, E.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Primot, J.

Rouyer, C.

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Shaw, S. E.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

Sogno, L.

Spring, J.

Toulon, B.

B. Toulon, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Guérineau, S. Collin, J. L. Pelouard, and J. Primot, Opt. Express 16, 7060 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, O.

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Velghe, S.

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, G.

Ward, C. B.

Wattellier, B.

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. X. Yu, J. E. Klansky, S. E. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, Electron. Lett. 42, 1024 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (2)

B. Bennai, L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur, and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, Fiber Integr. Opt. 27, 392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Toulon, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, R. Haïdar, S. Velghe, and R. Mercier, Opt. Commun. 279, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Implementation of the QWLSI for phase detection. For each subwavefront, represented by a colored circle on the picture, four replicas are generated, thanks to a 2D diffraction grating. Their spatial arrangement ensures a perfect overlap of the replicas. In this picture, p represents the pitch of the beam pattern and s is the lateral shearing between replicas.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental scheme of phase measurement with an adapted QWLSI in a beam combining setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical interference pattern obtained with adapted QWLSI, recorded on an InGaAs camera with 64 collimated beams from a fiber array.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental phase shift retrieval between two acquisitions. (a) Difference between two successive interferograms. (b) x-step and (c) y-step maps between adjacent fibers, retrieved after demodulation. (d) Map of estimated phase errors along each dotted square loop as represented with white arrows in (a).

Metrics