Abstract

We present an approach capable of high-NA imaging in a lensless digital in-line holographic microscopy layout even outside the Gabor’s regime. The method is based on spatial multiplexing at the sample plane, allowing a common-path interferometric architecture, where two interferometric beams are generated by a spatial light modulator (SLM) prior to illuminating the sample. The SLM allows phase-shifting interferometry by phase modulation of the SLM diffracted beam. After proper digital processing, the complex amplitude distribution of the diffracted object wavefront is recovered and numerically propagated to image the sample. Experimental results are reported that validate the proposed method.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, and H. J. Kreuzer, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1966 (1)

1965 (1)

G. W. Stroke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 201 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

1948 (1)

D. Gabor, Nature 161, 777 (1948).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bishara, W.

Coskun, A. F.

Gabor, D.

García, J.

V. Micó, J. García, Z. Zalevsky, and B. Javidi, Opt. Lett. 34, 1492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Micó, L. Granero, Z. Zalevsky, and J. García, J. Opt. A 11, 125408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Sucerquia, J.

Goss, W. P.

Granero, L.

V. Micó, L. Granero, Z. Zalevsky, and J. García, J. Opt. A 11, 125408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

Jericho, M. H.

J. Garcia-Sucerquia, W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, and H. J. Kreuzer, Opt. Lett. 31, 1211 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, and H. J. Kreuzer, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanka, M.

Kreis, T.

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley-VCH, 2005).

Kreuzer, H. J.

Leith, E. N.

Meinertzhagen, I. A.

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, and H. J. Kreuzer, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Micó, V.

V. Micó and Z. Zalevsky, J Biomed. Opt. 15, 046027 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Micó, J. García, Z. Zalevsky, and B. Javidi, Opt. Lett. 34, 1492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Micó, L. Granero, Z. Zalevsky, and J. García, J. Opt. A 11, 125408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ohzu, H.

Ozcan, A.

Piano, E.

Pontiggia, C.

Repetto, L.

Riesenberg, R.

Schnars, U.

Stroke, G. W.

G. W. Stroke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 201 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Su, T. W.

Takaki, Y.

Upatnieks, J.

Xu, W.

J. Garcia-Sucerquia, W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, and H. J. Kreuzer, Opt. Lett. 31, 1211 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, and H. J. Kreuzer, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, I.

Zalevsky, Z.

V. Micó and Z. Zalevsky, J Biomed. Opt. 15, 046027 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Micó, L. Granero, Z. Zalevsky, and J. García, J. Opt. A 11, 125408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Micó, J. García, Z. Zalevsky, and B. Javidi, Opt. Lett. 34, 1492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. W. Stroke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 201 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J Biomed. Opt. (1)

V. Micó and Z. Zalevsky, J Biomed. Opt. 15, 046027 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. A (1)

V. Micó, L. Granero, Z. Zalevsky, and J. García, J. Opt. A 11, 125408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (1)

D. Gabor, Nature 161, 777 (1948).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, and H. J. Kreuzer, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley-VCH, 2005).

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (1708 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (1710 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the proposed approach.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic chart of the digital postpropagation for the proposed common-path phase-shifting DIHM approach.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

In-line hologram example of (a) the USAF test (Media 1), (b) a transparent area in the test (Media 2), (c) FT of the hologram depicted in (a), and (d) FT of the resulting complex distribution provided by the phase-shifting process. Note that the dc term has been blocked down in (c) and (d) to enhance image contrast, and no coordinate transformation is applied to avoid geometrical distortion.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results (a) without and (b) with minimizing the reference spot in the final reconstruction.

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