Abstract

We demonstrate adiabatic wavelength shifting by electro-optic modulation, using a p-i-n integrated high-Q photonic crystal nanocavity. The wavelength of the trapped light is adiabatically shifted by modulating the resonance of the cavity faster than the photon lifetime. The cavity resonance is changed by injecting electrons through a p-i-n junction to reduce the refractive index. In addition, we employ adiabatic wavelength shifting in a demonstration of dynamic Q tuning by electro-optic modulation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photon. 1, 449 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803(R) (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. McCutcheon, A. P. Abraham, G. Rieger, and J. Young, Opt. Express 15, 11472 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Tanabe, K. Nishiguchi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 17, 22505 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nature Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Manipatruni, C. Poitras, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 33, 1644 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Opt. Express 15, 660 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanabe, K. Nishiguchi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 17, 22505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. Manipatruni, C. Poitras, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 33, 1644 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (8)

S. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photon. 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nature Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Opt. Express 15, 660 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. McCutcheon, A. P. Abraham, G. Rieger, and J. Young, Opt. Express 15, 11472 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, A. P.

Asano, T.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photon. 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chetrit, Y.

Ciftcioglu, B.

Dong, P.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nature Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photon. 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Izhaky, N.

Kuramochi, E.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanabe, K. Nishiguchi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 17, 22505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liao, L.

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

Manipatruni, S.

McCutcheon, M.

Mitsugi, S.

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagashima, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nguyen, H.

Nishiguchi, K.

Noda, S.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photon. 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanabe, K. Nishiguchi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 17, 22505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

Poitras, C.

Preble, S.

S. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rieger, G.

Rubin, D.

Schmidt, B.

Shakya, J.

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugiya, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sumikura, H.

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanabe, K. Nishiguchi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 17, 22505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taniyama, H.

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Upham, J.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Young, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Tanabe, H. Sumikura, H. Taniyama, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, and M. Notomi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon. (3)

S. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, Nat. Photon. 1, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photon. 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phys. (1)

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nature Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic image of a p - i - n integrated Si PhC nanocavity. Parameters of the PhC nanocavity are described in [8]. (b) Measured transmittance spectrum. (c), (d) The input electrical signal applied to the p and n junctions, respectively. (e) The EO modulated optical signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrograms of the output light from the PhC nanocavity (a) without and (b) with modulation. A forward bias signal [shown in Figs. 1c, 1d] is applied at t 300 ps . (c) Spectrally resolved waveforms obtained by taking line plots along the temporal axes of (a) and (b). The top curve (labeled w/o modulation) indicates 1589.785 nm in (a); the other curves are taken from (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

EO Q switching experiment. Forward bias Fig. 1a is applied at t 300 ps . To exclude the effect of residual background carriers, the black curve (labeled w/o modulation) is measured by modulating the cavity using a timing far from the recording window.

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