Abstract

We report the precise characterization of the optical potential obtained by injecting a distributed-feedback erbium-doped fiber laser at 1560 nm to the transverse modes of a folded optical cavity. The optical potential was mapped in situ using cold rubidium atoms, whose potential energy was spectrally resolved thanks to the strong differential light shift induced by the 1560 nm laser on the two levels of the probe transition. The optical potential obtained in the cavity is suitable for trapping rubidium atoms and eventually to achieve all-optical Bose–Einstein condensation directly in the resonator.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. The two-photon transition on the D2 line is inhibited by selection rules, and it is further suppressed by tuning the laser frequency so as to avoid the resonance condition.

2010 (1)

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Aspect, A.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benhelm, J.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Black, A. T.

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bourdel, T.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouyer, P.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brantut, J. P.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brennecke, F.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bux, S.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. W.

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clément, J. F.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Courteille, Ph. W.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Saint Vincent, M. Robert

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donner, T.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, Th.

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Esslinger, T.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, R.

A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Jochim, S.

Kéfélian, F.

Kogelnik, H.

Köhl, M.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, G.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kruse, D.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

Leroux, I. D.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Moritz, H.

Mosk, A.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagorny, B.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nyman, R. A.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, S.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ruder, M.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

Schleier-Smith, M. H.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slama, S.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Varoquaux, G.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

von Cube, C.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weidemüller, M.

A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

The two-photon transition on the D2 line is inhibited by selection rules, and it is further suppressed by tuning the laser frequency so as to avoid the resonance condition.

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