Abstract

Effective symmetric and antisymmetric eigenmodes of coupled plasmonic resonances play a crucial role in many photonic metamaterials. Recently, we discussed a particular arrangement of metallic split-ring resonators that is planar, hence enabling direct experimental access to the different eigenmodes via near-field optical microscopy. In this Letter, corresponding optical experiments are presented and compared with simple theoretical modeling, providing a direct confirmation of our previous, more indirect conclusions.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (1)

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

M. Decker, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 1579(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Decker, S. Burger, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 193102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2005 (2)

1996 (1)

S. Mononobe and M. Ohtsu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2231 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. Karrai and R. D. Grober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1842(1995).
[CrossRef]

Burger, S.

M. Decker, S. Burger, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 193102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burresi, M.

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

Chettiar, U. K.

Decker, M.

M. Decker, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 1579(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Decker, S. Burger, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 193102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diessel, D.

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dolling, G.

Dorfmüller, J.

Drachev, V. P.

Enkrich, C.

Etrich, C.

Frimmer, M.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Grober, R. D.

K. Karrai and R. D. Grober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1842(1995).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heideman, R.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaiser, S.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kampfrath, T.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karrai, K.

K. Karrai and R. D. Grober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1842(1995).
[CrossRef]

Kern, K.

Kildishev, A. V.

Koenderink, A. F.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

Leinse, A.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Decker, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 1579(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Decker, S. Burger, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 193102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 30, 3198 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mononobe, S.

S. Mononobe and M. Ohtsu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2231 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

S. Mononobe and M. Ohtsu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2231 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

Rockstuhl, C.

Sarychev, A. K.

Schoenmaker, H.

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweizer, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sersic, I.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shamonina, E.

L. Solymar and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials (Oxford U. Press, 2009).

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials (Oxford U. Press, 2009).

Soukoulis, C. M.

van Oosten, D.

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verhagen, E.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vogelgesang, R.

Wegener, M.

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Decker, S. Burger, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 193102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Decker, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 1579(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 30, 3198 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, H.-K.

Zentgraf, T.

Zhou, J. F.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Karrai and R. D. Grober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1842(1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. Mononobe and M. Ohtsu, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2231 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

M. Burresi, D. Diessel, D. van Oosten, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and L. Kuipers, Nano Lett. 10, 2480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Decker, S. Burger, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 193102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. Burresi, D. van Oosten, T. Kampfrath, H. Schoenmaker, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, and L. Kuipers, Science 326, 550(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. Solymar and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials (Oxford U. Press, 2009).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of our experimental setup of SNOM on low-symmetry SRR arrays. One primitive unit cell of the array (dimensions as indicated) is shown on the right-hand side. The gold thickness is 60 nm . The SEM image shows a typical aluminum-coated fiber probe.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Summary of experimental results. The two columns correspond to two different gold SRR arrays on a glass substrate. (a) Electron micrographs, (b) measured normal-incidence far-field intensity transmittance spectra. (c), (d) SNOM images for a wavelength of 1510 nm [see arrows in (b)]. The respective incident diagonal linear polarizations are illustrated by the double arrows on the left-hand side.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results from numerical calculations presented in the same manner as the experiments shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Results of measurements (left-hand side) and simulations (right-hand side) for (a) vertical and (b) horizontal linear polarization at a wavelength of 1510 nm . As a visual guide, in all four images the same two positions are marked (green). Additionally, the location of the SRR unit cell in the simulations is shown in white.

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