Abstract

Optical fibers of 12μm diameter were coated with a sputter-deposited layer (4μm thick) of titanium (1 at. %)-doped amorphous aluminum nitride. When optically pumped by an Nd:YAG green laser at 532nm, laser action was observed in whispering gallery modes around the fiber (in a ring shape) at 780.5nm with a quality factor Q>1500. Other modes were also observed between 775 and 800nm. The primary and secondary modes give a mode separation of 4.6nm. No waveguide modes were observed in the cavity.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]

2010 (1)

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Khan, K. Balakrishnan, and T. Katona, Nat. Photon. 2, 77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. M. Khoshman and M. E. Kordesch, Phys. Stat. Sol. C 2, 2821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Rezac and A. Rosenberger, Opt. Express 8, 605 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1802 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. V. Frolov, M. Shkunov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

1996 (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

R. Merritt, Br. Dent. J. 172, 177 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahmad, I.

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ali, G.

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asahara, T.

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Balakrishnan, K.

A. Khan, K. Balakrishnan, and T. Katona, Nat. Photon. 2, 77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berns, M. W.

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butler, J.

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caldwell, M. L.

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chinn, D.

S. V. Frolov, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1802 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. O.

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dimitrova, V. I.

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dohi, K.

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Durkin, A.

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1802 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, M. Shkunov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, A.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Genc, S.

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, R. V.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroche, S.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsiang, D.

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kan, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Katona, T.

A. Khan, K. Balakrishnan, and T. Katona, Nat. Photon. 2, 77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khan, A.

A. Khan, K. Balakrishnan, and T. Katona, Nat. Photon. 2, 77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khoshman, J. M.

J. M. Khoshman and M. E. Kordesch, Phys. Stat. Sol. C 2, 2821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kordesch, M. E.

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Khoshman and M. E. Kordesch, Phys. Stat. Sol. C 2, 2821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuwabara, M.

H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, G.

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maqbool, M.

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin, A. L.

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Merritt, R.

R. Merritt, Br. Dent. J. 172, 177 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miya, K.

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, Y.

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Mohanty, S.

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niiyama, T.

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Noriyuki, T.

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Ohdan, H.

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Raimond, J. M.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rezac, J.

Richardson, H. H.

M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberger, A.

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, A. C.

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shkunov, M.

S. V. Frolov, M. Shkunov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spalding, C. M.

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, M.

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, T.

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tromberg, B. J.

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Patten, P. G.

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

S. V. Frolov, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1802 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, M. Shkunov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1802 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, M. Shkunov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshioka, S.

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Yu, L.

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1)

T. Noriyuki, H. Ohdan, S. Yoshioka, Y. Miyata, T. Asahara, and K. Dohi, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156, 1656 (1997).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1802 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Maqbool, I. Ahmad, H. H. Richardson, and M. E. Kordesch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 193511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Br. Dent. J. (1)

R. Merritt, Br. Dent. J. 172, 177 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Maqbool, G. Ali, S. O. Cho, I. Ahmad, and M. E. Kordesch, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

A. C. Shah, D. Hsiang, A. Durkin, J. Butler, and B. J. Tromberg, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, G. Liu, S. Genc, Z. Chen, and M. W. Berns, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 050508 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

A. L. Martin, C. M. Spalding, V. I. Dimitrova, P. G. Van Patten, M. L. Caldwell, M. E. Kordesch, and H. H. Richardson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 1894 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (3)

H. Yoshida, Y. Yamashita, M. Kuwabara, and H. Kan, Nat. Photon. 2, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Khan, K. Balakrishnan, and T. Katona, Nat. Photon. 2, 77 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. Niiyama, K. Miya, and M. Taniguchi, Nat. Photon. 3, 591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. V. Frolov, M. Shkunov, Z. V. Vardeny, and K. Yoshino, Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Stat. Sol. C (1)

J. M. Khoshman and M. E. Kordesch, Phys. Stat. Sol. C 2, 2821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Thin film deposition and light propagation around an optical fiber: (a) longitudinal view of the fiber with the thin film around it, (b) cross-sectional view of the fiber with the film, showing light propagation in the WGMs, and (c) the pump laser coupled to the fiber, with the microring emission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser action at 780.5 nm in AlN:Ti thin films around optical fiber. The equally spaced peaks at 776.4 and 785.5 nm are the secondary modes of the laser. Mode spacing is 4.6 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Increase in the AlN:Ti laser intensity with the pump laser power. A threshold power of 24 mW can be observed.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n = π D m / λ n .
Δ λ = λ n λ n + 1 = λ 2 / π D m .
Q = ν / Δ 1 / 2 ν .

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