Abstract

We propose and analyze a prototype of a 60GHz millimeter-wave (mm-wave) generator. In the scheme, two lasers with a 70GHz frequency interval serve as sources. Then a frequency-quadrupling feed-forward modulation technique is employed to generate two phase correlated sidebands with a 60GHz interval. The desired sidebands can be selected by using standard optical interleavers. In our work, a 60GHz mm-wave signal free of phase noise can be achieved. The employed technique can also be extended to frequency 8-tupling.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. “Detailed Spectrum Investigation--First Phase: 3400 MHz to 105 GHz,” European Radiocommunications Office, (March 1993), pp. 27-48.
  2. T. Ihara and K. Fujimura, IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 1741 (1996).
  3. Y. Takimoto, in 1995 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 1995), pp. 405-408.
  4. W. Liu, M. Jiang, D. Chen, and S. He, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4455 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Li, Z. Zheng, L. Chen, S. Wen, and D. Fan, Appl. Opt. 48, 3008 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Chen, C.-T. Lin, P. T. Shih, W. Jiang, Jr., S.-P. Dai, Y.-M. Lin, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, J. Opt. Netw. 8, 188 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Zhao, X. Zheng, H. Wen, and H. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 34, 3250 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, W. Jiang, Jr., J. Chen, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 19749 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Y. Lau and J. Park, Ultra-High Frequency Linear Fiber Optic Systems (Springer, 2008), pp. 155-166.
  12. R. A. Griffin and K. Kitayama, Electron. Lett. 34, 795 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (6)

1999 (1)

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. A. Griffin and K. Kitayama, Electron. Lett. 34, 795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

T. Ihara and K. Fujimura, IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 1741 (1996).

Chen, D.

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

Chi, S.

Dai, S.-P.

Edge, C.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elkin, M. D.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D.

Fujimura, K.

T. Ihara and K. Fujimura, IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 1741 (1996).

Gliese, X.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, R. A.

R. A. Griffin and K. Kitayama, Electron. Lett. 34, 795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Huang, X.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ihara, T.

T. Ihara and K. Fujimura, IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 1741 (1996).

Jiang, M.

Jiang, W.

Jing, W. Y.

F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

R. A. Griffin and K. Kitayama, Electron. Lett. 34, 795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Langley, L. N.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lau, K. Y.

K. Y. Lau and J. Park, Ultra-High Frequency Linear Fiber Optic Systems (Springer, 2008), pp. 155-166.

Li, Y.

Lin, C.-T.

Lin, Y.-M.

Liu, W.

Ming, T.

F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

K. Y. Lau and J. Park, Ultra-High Frequency Linear Fiber Optic Systems (Springer, 2008), pp. 155-166.

Peng, P.-C.

Ping, S.

F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shih, P. T.

Shih, P.-T.

Songnian, F.

F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takimoto, Y.

Y. Takimoto, in 1995 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 1995), pp. 405-408.

Wale, M. J.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wen, H.

Wen, S.

Wen-De, Z.

F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, Y.

Zheng, X.

Zheng, Z.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. A. Griffin and K. Kitayama, Electron. Lett. 34, 795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Songnian, Z. Wen-De, S. Ping, W. Y. Jing, and T. Ming, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 563 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Ihara and K. Fujimura, IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 1741 (1996).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

“Detailed Spectrum Investigation--First Phase: 3400 MHz to 105 GHz,” European Radiocommunications Office, (March 1993), pp. 27-48.

Y. Takimoto, in 1995 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 1995), pp. 405-408.

K. Y. Lau and J. Park, Ultra-High Frequency Linear Fiber Optic Systems (Springer, 2008), pp. 155-166.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of a 60 GHz mm-wave generator; CW, cw laser; PC, polarization controller; OC, optical combiner; ILA, interleaver ( 50 / 100 GHz ); ILB, interleaver ( 50 / 100 GHz ); ILC, interleaver ( 100 / 200 GHz ); PM, phase modulator; EDFA, erbium-doped optical fiber amplifier; SMF, single-mode fiber; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

BER versus linewidth and corresponding eye diagrams: (a) δ 1 ; (b) δ 2 .

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i cos [ 2 π ( Δ f 2 f s ) t + φ 2 ( t ) φ 1 ( t ) ] .
E 2 ( t ) = E 0 J 1 ( m ) { i J 1 ( β ) exp [ j 2 π ( f 1 Δ f + f s ) t + j 2 φ 1 ( t ) j φ 2 ( t ) ] + i J 1 ( β ) exp [ j 2 π ( f 2 + Δ f f s ) t + j 2 φ 2 ( t ) j φ 1 ( t ) ] + J 0 ( β ) exp [ j 2 π ( f 1 f s ) t + j φ 1 ( t ) ] + i J 1 ( β ) exp [ j 2 π ( f 2 Δ f + 3 f s ) t + j φ 1 ( t ) ] + J 0 ( β ) exp [ j 2 π ( f 2 + f s ) t + j φ 2 ( t ) ] + i J 1 ( β ) exp [ j 2 π ( f 1 + Δ f 3 f s ) t + j φ 2 ( t ) ] } .
i ( t ) = 1 2 R E 3 ( t ) E 3 * ( t ) = d c R [ E 0 J 1 ( m ) ] 2 J 0 ( β ) J 1 ( β ) sin ( 2 π · 4 f s t ) .
i ( t ) = d c + 1 2 R [ E 0 J 1 ( m ) ] 2 J 0 ( β ) J 1 ( β ) [ i E [ exp ( j φ 2 ( t + Δ τ ) j φ 2 ( t + τ + Δ τ ) + j φ 1 ( t + τ + Δ τ ) j φ 1 ( t ) ) ] exp ( j 2 π · 4 f s t j ϕ ) i E [ exp ( j φ 2 ( t + Δ τ ) + j φ 2 ( t + τ + Δ τ ) j φ 1 ( t + τ + Δ τ ) + j φ 1 ( t ) ) ] exp ( j 2 π · 4 f s t + j ϕ ) ] = d c R [ E 0 J 1 ( m ) ] 2 J 0 ( β ) J 1 ( β ) exp ( π δ 1 | τ + Δ τ | π δ 2 | τ | ) sin ( 2 π · 4 f s t ϕ ) ,

Metrics