Abstract

Large arrays of uniform, precisely tunable, open-access optical microcavities with mode volumes as small as 2.2μm3 are reported. The cavities show clear Hermite–Gauss mode structure and display finesses up to 460, in addition to quality (Q) factors in excess of 10,000. The cavities are attractive for use in quantum optics applications, such as single atom detection and efficient single photon sources, and have potential to be extended for experiments in the strong coupling regime.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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2009 (1)

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

P. Meystre, Phys. Rep. 219, 243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ashmore, J.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balocchi, A.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beckmann, P.

P. Beckmann and A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, 1963).

Bhongale, S.

Chatterjee, S.

Colombe, Y.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cui, G.

Curtis, E. A.

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Darquié, B.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutier, G.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eriksson, S.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flagg, E. B.

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

Goldwin, J.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hannigan, J. M.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hinds, E. A.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holland, M.

Hunger, D.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

Kraft, M.

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kukharenka, E.

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lawall, J.

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loeckenhoff, R.

Matinaga, F. M.

Metcalfe, M.

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meystre, P.

P. Meystre, Phys. Rep. 219, 243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moktadir, Z.

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mosor, S.

Muller, A.

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

Reichel, J.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G. S.

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spizzichino, A.

P. Beckmann and A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, 1963).

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, M.

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warburton, R. J.

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Trupke, E. A. Hinds, S. Eriksson, E. A. Curtis, Z. Moktadir, E. Kukharenka, and M. Kraft, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, Y. Colombe, D. Hunger, T. W. Hänsch, A. Balocchi, R. J. Warburton, and J. Reichel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, M. Metcalfe, J. Lawall, and G. S. Solomon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

P. Meystre, Phys. Rep. 219, 243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Trupke, J. Goldwin, B. Darquié, G. Dutier, S. Eriksson, J. Ashmore, and E. A. Hinds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063601(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P. Beckmann and A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, 1963).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the half-symmetric microcavities, (b) electron micrograph of an array of concave features milled into silicon (scale bar 20 μm ), (c) atomic force microscopy z trace of the bottom of a typical feature milled into fused silica, showing an rms of the residuals from a circular fit, σ = 0.7 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

White-light transmission spectra of the cavities: (a) cavity A at L = 3.0 μm and L = 12.3 μm ; (b) HG modes from a single longitudinal mode with (1,0) (0,1) splitting (inset); (c) a high-Q longitudinal resonance (scatter) with Lorentzian curve fit (solid curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured finesses, (b) calculated 1 / w 2 2 , where w 2 is the mode width on the featured mirror, (c) measured Q factors, and (d) calculated mode volume, V, as the cavity length is increased. Plots are given for cavities labeled A (solid disks), B (open squares), and C (half-filled triangles).

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