Abstract

We demonstrate Autler–Townes (AT) splitting of four-wave mixing in an electromagnetically induced transparency window, which results from the destructive interference between a three-photon process and a five-photon process. The primary and secondary AT splittings are achieved via induced atomic coherence in a four-level Y-type atomic system. Theoretical calculations fit well with the experimentally measured results. Such controlled multichannel splitting of nonlinear optical signals can have potential applications in optical communication and quantum information processing.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. P. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 123603 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Wielandy and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. A 58, 2500 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 127401 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. P. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 123603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 127401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Wielandy and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. A 58, 2500 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1955

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amthor, T.

T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ates, C.

C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Autler, S. H.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. W.

Y. P. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 123603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dimauro, L. F.

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunn, M. H.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Field, R. W.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, G. S.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, P. M.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fulton, D. J.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

S. Wielandy and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. A 58, 2500 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giese, C.

T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, C. S.

T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, Q.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, S. Z.

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaluza, M.

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirova, T.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lazarov, G.

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lazoudis, A.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. Q.

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyyra, A. M.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Magnes, J.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moseley, R. R.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mucke, O. D.

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 127401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narducci, L. M.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pattard, T.

C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohl, T.

C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, J.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, J. B.

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rost, J. M.

C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shepherd, S.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sinclair, B. D.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spano, F. C.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townes, C. H.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Tritschler, T.

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 127401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X. J.

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 127401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weidemuller, M.

T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wielandy, S.

S. Wielandy and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. A 58, 2500 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. A.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, M.

Y. P. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 123603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. P.

Y. P. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 123603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuo, Z. C.

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

S. Wielandy and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. A 58, 2500 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. Walker, M. Kaluza, B. Sheehy, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 633 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Qi, G. Lazarov, X. J. Wang, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, A. M. Lyyra, and F. C. Spano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 127401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ates, T. Pohl, T. Pattard, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 023002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Amthor, C. Giese, C. S. Hofmann, and M. Weidemuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. P. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 123603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. C. Zuo, J. Sun, X. Liu, Q. Jiang, G. S. Fu, L. A. Wu, and P. M. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 193904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Four-level Y-type atomic system. (b) Spatial phase-matching beam geometry used in the experiment. (c)–(e) Corresponding dressed-state pictures of (a).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured multipeak FWM signals (lower curves) and the corresponding EIT (upper curves) induced by the fields E 2 + E 2 and E 3 versus Δ 1 for Δ 2 = 0 : (a) Δ 3 = 125 , (b) Δ 3 = 20 , and (c) Δ 3 = 20 MHz ; and versus Δ 2 for Δ 1 = 20 , (d) Δ 3 = 125 , (e) Δ 3 = 20 , and (f) Δ 3 = 20 MHz . The other parameters are P 1 = 1.3 mW , P 2 = P 2 = 16 mW , and P 3 = 146 mW .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured double-peak FWM signals versus Δ 1 with Δ 2 = 0 for (a) increasing P 2 = 1.6 , 4, 8.3, 14, 20, 25, 29, and 32 mW from bottom to top, and (b) the power dependence of Δ a when P 1 = 1.3 mW ; and for (c) increasing P 1 = 0.24 , 0.48, 0.58, 0.68, 0.83, 0.93, 1.1, 3.4, and 8 mW from bottom to top, and (d) the power dependence of Δ a when P 2 = 17 mW . Measured double-peak FWM signal versus Δ 2 with Δ 1 = 0 for (e) increasing P 2 = 2.6 , 5.5, 10.3, 15.5, 20, 25, 29, and 31.5 mW from bottom to top, and (f) the power dependence of Δ b when P 1 = 1.3 mW ; and for (g) increasing P 1 = 0.5 , 0.75, 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mW from bottom to top, and (h) the power dependence of Δ a when P 2 = 7.6 mW .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured multipeak FWM signals versus Δ 1 with (a) Δ 3 = 20 MHz and (c) Δ 3 = 20 MHz for increasing P 3 = 8 , 18, 42, 66, 88, 111, 126, and 150 mW from bottom to top, when P 1 = 1.3 mW and Δ 2 = 0 . (b) and (d) Power dependence of Δ a versus P 3 for the cases of (a) and (c), respectively.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ 10 ( 3 ) = G a / [ ( d 2 + | G 1 | 2 / d 4 ) ( d 1 + | G 2 b | 2 / d 2 + | G 3 | 2 / d 3 ) ( d 1 + | G 1 | 2 / Γ 0 + | G 3 | 2 / d 3 ) ] ,
ρ 10 ( 3 ) G a [ 1 | G 1 | 2 ( 1 / d 2 d 4 + 1 / d 1 Γ 0 ) + | G 1 | 4 / ( Γ 0 d 1 d 2 d 4 ) ] ,

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