Abstract

We investigate heat generation in a Nd:YAG thin-disk laser composite with an undoped anti-amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) cap and a side ASE absorber under lasing and nonlasing conditions. The heat load unbalance in three different regions induces a large transverse temperature inhomogeneity under the nonlasing condition. The additional heat fraction generated by the concentration quenching is observed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).
  2. A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Kouznetsov and J.-F. Bisson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 338 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, and K. Ueda, Opt. Mater. 31, 754 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. W. Dittus and L. M. K. Boelter, Heat Transfer in Automobile Radiators of the Tubular Type (U. California, 1930), Vol. 2.
  9. R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).
  10. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 3, pp. 85–112.
  11. T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. C. Brown, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 560 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Speiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 26 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 8, pp. 319–337.

2009

D. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, and K. Ueda, Opt. Mater. 31, 754 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Speiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 26 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

D. Kouznetsov and J.-F. Bisson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 338 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

1998

D. C. Brown, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 8, pp. 319–337.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 3, pp. 85–112.

1993

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1930

F. W. Dittus and L. M. K. Boelter, Heat Transfer in Automobile Radiators of the Tubular Type (U. California, 1930), Vol. 2.

Aus der Au, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

Baer, C. R. E.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Bibeau, C.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Bisson, J.-F.

D. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, and K. Ueda, Opt. Mater. 31, 754 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Kouznetsov and J.-F. Bisson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 338 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boelter, L. M. K.

F. W. Dittus and L. M. K. Boelter, Heat Transfer in Automobile Radiators of the Tubular Type (U. California, 1930), Vol. 2.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dittus, F. W.

F. W. Dittus and L. M. K. Boelter, Heat Transfer in Automobile Radiators of the Tubular Type (U. California, 1930), Vol. 2.

Erhard, S.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

Gingras, G.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Graf, T.

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, S.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E. C.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Keller, U.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

Killi, A.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kleinbauer, J.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 3, pp. 85–112.

Kouznetsov, D.

D. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, and K. Ueda, Opt. Mater. 31, 754 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Kouznetsov and J.-F. Bisson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 338 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Larionov, M.

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marchese, S. V.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neuhaus, J.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

Payne, S. A.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Powell, H.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Powell, R. C.

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 8, pp. 319–337.

Schad, S.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, C.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Speiser, J.

J. Speiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 26 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sphler, G. J.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

Stolzenburg, C.

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sudmyer, T.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

Ueda, K.

D. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, and K. Ueda, Opt. Mater. 31, 754 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Voss, A.

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Witzel, B.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zawischa, I.

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Sphler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 267 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Brown, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photon.

T. Sudmyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

D. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, and K. Ueda, Opt. Mater. 31, 754 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

C. Stolzenburg, A. Voss, T. Graf, M. Larionov, and A. Giesen, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710H (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Killi, I. Zawischa, D. Sutter, J. Kleinbauer, S. Schad, J. Neuhaus, and C. Schmitz, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68710L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. J. Beach, E. C. Honea, C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. Powell, W. F. Krupke, and S. B. Sutton, “High average power scalable thin-disk laser,” U.S. patent 6,347,109 (February 12, 2002).

F. W. Dittus and L. M. K. Boelter, Heat Transfer in Automobile Radiators of the Tubular Type (U. California, 1930), Vol. 2.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 3, pp. 85–112.

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1996), Chap. 8, pp. 319–337.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration for a thin-disk laser with ASE suppression.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature distribution at upper surface, under (a) nonlasing condition, (b) lasing condition, (c) without Cr:YAG under nonlasing condition, and (d) with temperature scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy density distributions induced by the ASE in the r z section. Numerical labels for contour lines are corresponding values of I ASE .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Direction of heat flux under the nonlasing condition.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Radial temperature at the upper surface. The solid curve denotes the theoretical prediction. Scatter points labeled Experiment A and Experiment B denote experimental datum along two diameters perpendicular to each other.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I m = 2 P out η d π ( D / 2 ) 2 ( 1 + R 1 R ) 10 kW / cm 2 ,
η h ( x ) = η 0 + η 1 1 + I m ( x ) / I s + ( 1 ν L / ν p ) I m ( x ) I s + I m ( x ) ,
I ASE ( x ) = β L h ν L 4 π τ 0 d 3 x i n 2 ( x ) l i 2 ( x , x ) e x x d l i g ( l i ) ,
g ( x ) = σ e n 2 ( x ) 1 + I ASE ( x ) / I s .

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