Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time, to our knowledge, a clock-distribution method for ultra-high-speed optical time-domain multiplexed systems data packets that provides instantaneous synchronization, fast locking/unlocking times, and a highly stable bursty clock, enabling error-free operation of 160 to 10Gbit/s time demultiplexing with a power penalty of 1.5dB after 51km transmission in standard single-mode fiber (ITU G.652).

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Tangdiongga, J. P. Turkiewicz, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 611 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
    [PubMed]
  6. J. Herrera, O. Raz, E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. C. H. Mulvad, F. Ramos, J. Marti, G. Maxwell, A. Poustie, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 176 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Zhang, F. Gomez-Agis, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, E. Tangdiongga, and H. J. S. Dorren, Opt. Lett. 35, 37 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Jinno, Opt. Lett. 18, 1409 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. Tangdiongga, J. P. Turkiewicz, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 611 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Apostolopoulos, D.

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

Avramopoulos, H.

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

Calabretta, N.

S. Zhang, F. Gomez-Agis, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, E. Tangdiongga, and H. J. S. Dorren, Opt. Lett. 35, 37 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Deng, K.-L.

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Dreyer, K. F.

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Agis, F.

Herrera, J.

Hill, M. T.

Jinno, M.

Johnson, J. E.

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kanellos, G. T.

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

Kelly, A. E.

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Liu, Y.

Marti, J.

Maxwell, G.

Mikkelsen, B.

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

Nesset, D.

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petrantonakis, D.

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

Phillips, I. D.

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

Poustie, A.

Presi, M.

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, F.

Raybon, G.

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raz, O.

Tangdiongga, E.

Tong, D. T. K.

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trommer, D.

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Turkiewicz, J. P.

E. Tangdiongga, J. P. Turkiewicz, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 611 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Widdowson, T.

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zakynthinos, P.

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

Zhang, S.

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. T. K. Tong, K.-L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 36, 1951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, and D. Trommer, Electron. Lett. 36, 650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 372 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Tangdiongga, J. P. Turkiewicz, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 611 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

D. Petrantonakis, G. T. Kanellos, P. Zakynthinos, N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP25.
[PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for packet-based clock distribution. FBG, fiber Bragg grating; PD, photodetector; Amp, electrical amplifier; DEMUX, demultiplexer; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; SMF, single-mode fiber; DCF, dispersion compensation fiber; PPG, pulse-pattern generator; CR, clock recovery.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time domain traces of the packetized data and bursty clock: (a) packets, (b) data payload, (c) bursty clock, (d) rising and falling time of the bursty clock.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum of the packetized data after 51 km fiber transmission: before and after pilot extraction. Inset, eye diagram of the received signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single sideband phase noise and timing jitter of the distributed bursty clock. Timing jitter is obtained from the integration of the phase noise along the frequency offset.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER curves of the 10 G bit / s channels: using continuous clock (squares), using the bursty clock before (stars) and after (triangles) 51 km fiber transmission. Filled symbols, best case; half-filled symbols, worst case.

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