Abstract

We demonstrate a fully etched, continuously apodized fiber-to-chip surface grating coupler for the first time (to our knowledge). The device is fabricated in a single-etch step and operates with TM-polarized light, achieving a coupling efficiency of 3.7dB and a 3dB bandwidth of 60nm. A subwavelength microstructure is employed to generate an effective medium engineered to vary the strength of the grating and thereby maximize coupling efficiency, while mitigating backreflections at the same time. Minimum feature size is 100nm for compatibility with deep-UV 193nm lithography.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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