Abstract

A technique is proposed and demonstrated for measuring the waveforms of optical signals by making use of homodyne in-phase and quadrature detection combined with nonlinear optical sampling. The technique is based on time division sampling of electric field components with a discretely phase-modulated local oscillator light and is applied for the evaluation of the ultrafast response in a semiconductor optical amplifier.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Yamada, H. Ohta, and S. Nogiwa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 215 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2012 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Kang and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 39, 1081 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. J. Winzer and R. J. Essiambre, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Dorrer, C. R. Doerr, I. Kang, R. Ryf, J. Leuthold, and P. J. Winzer, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 178 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3662 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. A. Andrekson and M. Westlund, in Digital Communications Test and Measurements, D.Derickson and M.Müller, eds. (Prentice Hall, 2008), pp. 421–504.
  9. H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, and T. Tako, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 22, L19 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Tsuchida, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1906 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

N. Yamada, H. Ohta, and S. Nogiwa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 215 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

I. Kang and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 39, 1081 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. Tsuchida, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1906 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, and T. Tako, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 22, L19 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3662 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2012 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson and M. Westlund, in Digital Communications Test and Measurements, D.Derickson and M.Müller, eds. (Prentice Hall, 2008), pp. 421–504.

Doerr, C. R.

Dorrer, C.

Dreyer, K. F.

I. Kang and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 39, 1081 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R. J.

Hansryd, J.

Kang, I.

Karlsson, M.

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, J.

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2012 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nogiwa, S.

N. Yamada, H. Ohta, and S. Nogiwa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 215 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, H.

N. Yamada, H. Ohta, and S. Nogiwa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 215 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, and T. Tako, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 22, L19 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

Skold, M.

Sunnerud, H.

Tako, T.

H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, and T. Tako, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 22, L19 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

H. Tsuchida, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1906 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, and T. Tako, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 22, L19 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

M. Skold, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3662 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2012 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson and M. Westlund, in Digital Communications Test and Measurements, D.Derickson and M.Müller, eds. (Prentice Hall, 2008), pp. 421–504.

Winzer, P. J.

Yamada, N.

N. Yamada, H. Ohta, and S. Nogiwa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 215 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

I. Kang and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 39, 1081 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Yamada, H. Ohta, and S. Nogiwa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 215 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, and T. Tako, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 22, L19 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson and M. Westlund, in Digital Communications Test and Measurements, D.Derickson and M.Müller, eds. (Prentice Hall, 2008), pp. 421–504.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the TDVOS-based waveform measurement. (b) Waveforms for the OSO sampling pulse, phase of the LO light, and the homodyne signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the interferometric technique used for precisely setting the discrete phase modulation of the LO light. (b) Normalized visibility as a function of the modulation amplitude.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Waveforms of (a) the homodyne signal, (b) the I and Q components, (c) the amplitude obtained with TDVOS, (d) the amplitude obtained with direct detection, and (e) the phase.

Equations (2)

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I ( t ) = { P ( t , ϕ m ) P ( t , + ϕ m ) } / 2 E 0 sin ϕ m ,
Q ( t ) = { P ( t , π / 2 ϕ m ) P ( t , π / 2 + ϕ m ) } / 2 E 0 sin ϕ m .

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