Abstract

We report on the development of a gain-coupled class A semiconductor laser for dual-wavelength generation via optical switching. A vertical external cavity surface emitting laser (VECSEL) structure is used, because it provides a flexible platform for high-power, high-brightness output in the near-IR and visible ranges. For the first time (to our knowledge), two VECSEL cavities sharing a common gain region are studied. Because the cavities are in competition for common carriers, birefringent filters in the external cavity control the laser cavity thresholds; this configuration demonstrates the possibility of switching between the two cavities, which can operate at different wavelengths. However, in this Letter we also show, numerically and experimentally, that with the consideration of spontaneous emission, it is possible to maintain simultaneous lasing in each cavity at a different wavelength.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. Pal, P. Trofimoff, B.-X. Miranda, G. Baili, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, F. Goldfarb, I. Sagnes, R. Ghosh, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 18, 5008 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. SimuLase Version 1.4.0.0 by Nonlinear Control Strategies, Inc. (2009).
  16. A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

2010

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Pal, P. Trofimoff, B.-X. Miranda, G. Baili, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, F. Goldfarb, I. Sagnes, R. Ghosh, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 18, 5008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

SimuLase Version 1.4.0.0 by Nonlinear Control Strategies, Inc. (2009).

G. Baili, L. Morvan, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 34, 3421 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

J. Hopkins, A. Maclean, D. Burns, E. Riis, N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, Opt. Express 15, 8212 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. Leinonen, Y. A. Morozov, A. Harkonen, and M. Pessa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, Chaos Solitons Fractals 10, 825 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

L. Coldren and S. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

1989

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

1974

Alouini, M.

Baili, G.

Bedford, R.

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, A.

Brennan, T.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

Brueck, S.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

Butterworth, S.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Caprara, A.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Charles, J.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Chatterjee, S.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, A.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L.

L. Coldren and S. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S.

L. Coldren and S. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Fallahi, M.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Forsmann, B.

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, Chaos Solitons Fractals 10, 825 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Garnache, A.

Geels, R.

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, R.

Goldfarb, F.

Hader, J.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, B.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Harkonen, A.

T. Leinonen, Y. A. Morozov, A. Harkonen, and M. Pessa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J.

Kaneda, Y.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, K.

Kunert, B.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lange, W.

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, Chaos Solitons Fractals 10, 825 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leinonen, T.

T. Leinonen, Y. A. Morozov, A. Harkonen, and M. Pessa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maclean, A.

Manz, C.

McInerney, J.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miranda, B.-X.

Möller, M.

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, Chaos Solitons Fractals 10, 825 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morozov, Y. A.

T. Leinonen, Y. A. Morozov, A. Harkonen, and M. Pessa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morvan, L.

Murray, J.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Osinski, M.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pal, V.

Pessa, M.

T. Leinonen, Y. A. Morozov, A. Harkonen, and M. Pessa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Raja, M.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rattunde, M.

Reed, M.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

Sagnes, I.

Schaus, C.

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, N.

Scott, J.

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A.

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

Spinelli, L.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, W.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Terry, N.

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trofimoff, P.

Wagner, J.

Walton, M.

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-L.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yan, R. H.

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, M.

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zakharian, A.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeitschel, A.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Walton, N. Terry, J. Hader, J. Moloney, and R. Bedford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chaos Solitons Fractals

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, Chaos Solitons Fractals 10, 825 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Corzine, R. Geels, J. Scott, R. H. Yan, and L. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Raja, S. Brueck, M. Osiński, C. Schaus, J. McInerney, T. Brennan, and B. Hammons, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, and S. Koch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Leinonen, Y. A. Morozov, A. Harkonen, and M. Pessa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, Proc. SPIE 5332, 143(2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. Coldren and S. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

SimuLase Version 1.4.0.0 by Nonlinear Control Strategies, Inc. (2009).

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of coupled VECSEL system. The BFs are used to tune each cavity-respective wavelength within the semiconductor gain bandwidth. The linear cavity (cavity 1) passes once through the chip in a round trip, while the v-shaped cavity (cavity 2) passes twice.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Map of the output power for each cavity as a function of the wavelength with (a) the linear cavity (1) and (b) the v-shaped cavity (2) for cavity wavelengths at a fixed pump power of 15 W . Gray-scale changes from completely off (dark), to completely on (light). The lines in (a) and (b) show the positions of the equal uncoupled threshold, indicating areas where both cavities operate simultaneously. Δ λ 1 , 2 is the offset with respect to the wavelength of the minimum uncoupled threshold.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of output power versus time for different cavity tunings. The linear cavity was chopped in the dual-cavity configuration. (a) Cavity tuned such that cavity switches from completely on to completely off. (b), (c) Various tuning such that the switching is less complete. Simulated results are shown as solid curves.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d N d t = P Ω V a ω p N τ v g g [ Γ r 1 S 1 + 2 Γ r 2 S 2 ] ,
d S 1 d t = S 1 τ p 1 + v g Γ 1 g S 1 ,
d S 2 d t = S 2 τ p 2 + 2 v g Γ 2 g S 2 .
V a

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