Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate high-speed optical pseudorandom bit sequence (PRBS) multiplexing with coarse and fine bit-rate tuning capability and a switchable order using optical delays. Data multiplexing of 80Gbit/s and 160Gbit/s is shown, each with a tunable rate using a conversion/dispersion-based continuously tunable optical delay and tunable PRBS order with large switchable fiber delays. A 7% bit-rate tunability, i.e., 8085.6Gbit/s and 160171.2Gbit/s, is shown for both 271 and 2151 PRBS. The rf spectra before and after multiplexing are measured in each case and show a suppression ratio of >30dB, exhibiting the expected PRBS spectral characteristics.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. W. Golomb, Shift Register Sequences (Aegean Park, 1982).
  2. H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Wu, L. Christen, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1518 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

2010

2009

2008

2001

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

1999

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1982

S. W. Golomb, Shift Register Sequences (Aegean Park, 1982).

Alic, N.

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Kouloumentas, C. Stamatiadis, P. Zakynthinos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 456 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

X. Wu, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

Cai, J.-X.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Cai, Y.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Chen, J.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Chen, X.

Christen, L.

Dai, Y.

Davidson, C. R.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Golomb, S. W.

S. W. Golomb, Shift Register Sequences (Aegean Park, 1982).

Jopson, R. M.

Karlsson, M.

Kelly, A. E.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kerfoot, F. W.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Kidorf, H. D.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Kouloumentas, C.

C. Kouloumentas, C. Stamatiadis, P. Zakynthinos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 456 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, B. P. P.

Lenner, G.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Li, J.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Lipson, M.

Lucero, A.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Manning, R. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Moro, S.

Myslivets, E.

Nissov, M.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Nuccio, S.

Nuccio, S. R.

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

X. Wu, L. Christen, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1518 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okawachi, Y.

Pilipetskii, A.

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

Poustie, A. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Stamatiadis, C.

C. Kouloumentas, C. Stamatiadis, P. Zakynthinos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 456 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, J.

X. Wu, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

Willner, A. E.

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

X. Wu, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, L. Christen, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1518 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

X. Wu, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, L. Christen, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1518 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

Yilmaz, O. F.

X. Wu, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

X. Wu, L. Christen, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1518 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zakynthinos, P.

C. Kouloumentas, C. Stamatiadis, P. Zakynthinos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 456 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Kouloumentas, C. Stamatiadis, P. Zakynthinos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 456 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, Opt. Commun. 159, 208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

X. Wu, J. Wang, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (IEEE, 2009), paper 5.3.5.

S. W. Golomb, Shift Register Sequences (Aegean Park, 1982).

H. D. Kidorf, A. Lucero, J.-X. Cai, G. Lenner, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, J. Li, J. Chen, M. Nissov, and A. Pilipetskii, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 477–478.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of using a large switchable optical delay for PRBS order tuning and a conversion/ dispersion-based continuously tunable optical delay for PRBS rate fine-tuning.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for PRBS multiplexing. For 80 Gbit / s PRBS multiplexing, the switchable optical multiplexer (shown in the dashed box) is not used: TDL, tunable delay line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results for 80 Gbit / s 2 15 1 PRBS multiplexing. (a) Relative delay versus converted wavelength ( λ C ) and (b)–(d) optical spectra at different converted wavelengths for rate tuning: (b) λ C = 1558.5 nm , (c) λ C = 1561.5 nm , and (d) λ C = 1565.2 nm , with λ S fixed at 1550 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER performance of the 40 Gbit / s tributaries of the multiplexed 80 Gbit / s 2 15 1 PRBS.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Radio-frequency spectra showing the successful multiplexing to 80 85.6 Gbit / s PRBS with the orders of 15 and 7.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER performance of the 40 Gbit / s tributaries of the multiplexed 160 Gbit / s 2 15 1 PRBS.

Metrics