Abstract

A record-fast, 2μs switching operation of an optical tunable dispersion compensator is demonstrated with a pa rametric tunable dispersion compensation scheme. We alternately switch two optical paths having different net dispersions with a microsecond guard interval of the compensator response and achieve successful transmissions of 43Gbit/s non-return-to-zero on–off-keying optical signals. The error-free guard time for the switching of the two optical paths is 125μs, limited mostly by the clock synchronization of the bit-error detector. The power penalty due to the switching of the compensator is less than 0.5dB.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Namiki, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 28 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.
  6. S. Namiki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2008 (ECOC, 2008), paper Tu.4.B.3.
  7. K. Tanizawa, T. Kurosu, and S. Namiki, Opt. Express 18, 10594 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.
  10. J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.

K. Tanizawa, T. Kurosu, and S. Namiki, Opt. Express 18, 10594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. Namiki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2008 (ECOC, 2008), paper Tu.4.B.3.

S. Namiki, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

2003 (2)

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ahuja, A.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, A.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M. A.

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, E. Y.

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Colbourne, P.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, K.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L. T.

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gripp, J.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hammerfeldt, S.

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

Hulse, C. A.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kano, F.

F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kiran, S.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kurosu, T.

Lamont, M.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lundqvist, L.

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

McLaughlin, S.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

K. Tanizawa, T. Kurosu, and S. Namiki, Opt. Express 18, 10594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Namiki, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Namiki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2008 (ECOC, 2008), paper Tu.4.B.3.

Nielsen, T. N.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Randall, G.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rigole, P.

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

Rogers, J. A.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarlet, G.

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

Sherman, K.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simsarian, J. E.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, S.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugizaki, R.

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.

Szabo, P.

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

Takahashi, M.

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.

Takasaka, S.

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.

Tanizawa, K.

Tohmori, Y.

F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Webb, C.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wesström, J.

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

Westbrook, P. S.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wong-Foy, A.

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, T.

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.

Yoshikuni, Y.

F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz, and K. Dreyer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Y. Chen, and L. T. Gomez, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Kano, H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, and Y. Yoshikuni, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 611 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, J. Gripp, K. Sherman, Y. Su, C. Webb, L. Zhang, and M. Zirngibl, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1038 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (3)

J. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo, and P. Rigole, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2004 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuE2.

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2010 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP4.

S. Namiki, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2008 (ECOC, 2008), paper Tu.4.B.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of fast P-TDC using an MG-Y laser. BPF, bandpass filter; PC, polarization controller; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of 43 Gbit / s NRZ-OOK transmission with dynamic path switching and GVD compensation using P-TDC. LD, laser diode; LN mod., lithium niobate modulator; PPG, pulse pattern generator; BPF, bandpass filter; PC, polarization controller; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; TLS, tunable light source; CR, clock recovery; VOA, variable optical attenuator; PD, photodetector; BERT, bit-error-rate tester; DSF, dispersion-shifted fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Timing diagrams of alternate switching of two optical paths; four control signals of P-TDC and BER measurement enable a signal with guard interval τ G .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength switching behavior of the MG-Y laser (a) from 1548.9 to 1553.3 nm and (b) from 1553.3 to 1548.9 nm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER characteristics and eye diagrams in 43 Gbit / s NRZ-OOK transmission with dynamic path switching with P-TDC. (a) Route 1; (b) Route 2.

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