Abstract

We report on the suppression of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in a double-clad fiber amplifier using long- period gratings (LPGs). The LPGs, fabricated with a CO2 laser, achieve SRS suppression by coupling the Stokes wavelength from the active core into the cladding. With only three LPGs inserted into a fiber pulse amplifier, the extractable Raman-free output power was nearly doubled. A numerical simulation of the setup shows good agreement with the experimental results.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

2008 (4)

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, W. Jin, J. Ju, H. Xuan, H. Lut Ho, L. Xiao, and D. Wang, Opt. Express 16, 2784 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and J. R. Marciante, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Andrejco, M. J.

Bise, R. T.

Chen, X.

Codemard, C.

Crowley, A.

Donga, J.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dua, S.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dupriez, P.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

V. Grubsky and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2296 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fève, J.-P.

Fini, J. M.

Goldberg, L.

Gray, S.

Grubsky, V.

V. Grubsky and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2296 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hea, B.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

T. Taru, J. Hou, and J. C. Knight, “Raman gain suppression in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Tech. Rep. (IEICE, 2007), Vol. 107, pp. 29–32.

Ippen, E. P.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276.

Jansen, F.

F. Jansen, D. Nodop, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 17, 16255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jauregui, C.

Jiang, Z.

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Kim, J.

Kliner, D. A. V.

Knight, J. C.

T. Taru, J. Hou, and J. C. Knight, “Raman gain suppression in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Tech. Rep. (IEICE, 2007), Vol. 107, pp. 29–32.

Koplow, J. P.

Li, L.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Limpert, J.

F. Jansen, D. Nodop, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 17, 16255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linke, S.

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loua, Q.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lut Ho, H.

Marciante, J. R.

Mermelstein, M. D.

Nilsson, J.

Nodop, D.

F. Jansen, D. Nodop, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 17, 16255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rindorf, L.

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, B.

Sahu, J. K.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276.

Taru, T.

T. Taru, J. Hou, and J. C. Knight, “Raman gain suppression in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Tech. Rep. (IEICE, 2007), Vol. 107, pp. 29–32.

Tünnermann, A.

F. Jansen, D. Nodop, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 17, 16255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walton, D.

Wang, D.

Wang, J.

Wang, Y.

Weia, Y.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wisk, P. W.

Xiao, L.

Xuan, H.

Yablon, A. D.

Yan, M. F.

Zenteno, L.

Zhoua, J.

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Nodop, S. Linke, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and L. Rindorf, Appl. Phys. B 92, 509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

V. Grubsky and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2296 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Li, Q. Loua, J. Zhoua, J. Donga, Y. Weia, S. Dua, and B. Hea, Opt. Commun. 281, 655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

T. Taru, J. Hou, and J. C. Knight, “Raman gain suppression in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Tech. Rep. (IEICE, 2007), Vol. 107, pp. 29–32.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of the ziggurat apodization together with the extinction spectra of homogeneous (dashed curve) and apodized LPGs (solid curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Test setup for the SRS suppression: thin line, passive fiber; thick line, doped fiber; and dashed line, LPGs. Setups (a)–(d) include a different number of LPGs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Growth of the Raman Stokes component for the different amplifier setups (a)–(d): square dots, measured values; dashed curves, exponential fit; solid curve, isoline of 1% Raman conversion. Inset, extinction spectrum of the LPGs used in the experiment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral reduction of the Raman content when adding LPGs to the amplifier. Inset, relative increase of the Raman threshold when adding successive LPGs.

Equations (1)

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P Stokes exp ( g r · P signal · L · c Pol α LPG · L ) .

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