Abstract

We demonstrate a new approach to in situ measurement of femtosecond-laser-pulse-induced changes in glass, enabling the three-dimensional reconstruction of the induced complex permittivity modification. The technique can be used to provide single-shot and time-resolved quantitative measurements with a micrometer-scale spatial resolution.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Opt. Express 17, 3531 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Gopal, S. Minardi, and M. Tatarakis, Opt. Lett. 32, 1238 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Balciunas, A. Melninkaitis, G. Tamosauskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, Opt. Lett. 33, 58 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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  13. R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Opt. Express 17, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

T. Balciunas, A. Melninkaitis, G. Tamosauskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, Opt. Lett. 33, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Gopal, S. Minardi, and M. Tatarakis, Opt. Lett. 32, 1238 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Apolonski, A.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Audouard, E.

C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Opt. Express 17, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balciunas, T.

Bennion, I.

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blu, T.

Bolger, P.

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonse, J.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brenk, U.

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brueckner, H.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bukin, V. V.

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bulgakova, N.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, G.

Chichkov, B.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cuche, E.

de la Cruz, A. R.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Depeursinge, C.

Dubov, M.

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, A.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, H.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrer, A.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Garnov, S. V.

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gawelda, W.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Gopal, A.

Gottmann, J.

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Graf, R.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hertel, I.

C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Opt. Express 17, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Horn, A.

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huot, N.

Khajehnouri, H.

A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kreutz, E. W.

A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liebling, M.

Marquet, P.

Mauclair, C.

Melninkaitis, A.

Mermillod-Blondin, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meshcheryakov, Y. P.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, S.

Mingareev, I.

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Scattering and Diffraction in Physical Optics, 2nd ed. (World Scientific, 2006).

Nikogosyan, D.

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Poprawe, R.

A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Puerto, D.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Opt. Express 17, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirokikh, T. V.

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, J.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Sirutkaitis, V.

Solis, J.

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Stoian, R.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Opt. Express 17, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strelkov, V. V.

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sychev, D. K.

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamosauskas, G.

Tatarakis, M.

Unser, M.

Werth, A.

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A.

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. Brueckner, B. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Gawelda, D. Puerto, J. Siegel, A. Ferrer, A. R. de la Cruz, H. Fernandez, and J. Solis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121109(2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041911 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

M. Dubov, I. Bennion, D. Nikogosyan, P. Bolger, and A. Zayats, J. Opt. A 10, 025305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, V. V. Strelkov, T. V. Shirokikh, and D. K. Sychev, Laser Phys. 19, 1300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, and U. Brenk, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 015302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Horn, H. Khajehnouri, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, Proc. SPIE 4948, 393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Scattering and Diffraction in Physical Optics, 2nd ed. (World Scientific, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for in situ holographic measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cuvette and sample arrangement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of absolute value of the scattered wave | S | for inscription at (a) 475 mW after 5 s exposure and (b) 700 mW after 2.5 s exposure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plot of axially symmetric reconstructed (a) ( Δ ϵ τ ) and (b) ( Δ ϵ τ ) in cylindrical coordinates at an inscription laser power of 475 mW .

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