Abstract

We present a novel design of a wavelength-selective reflector using a microring resonator integrated with a low-loss, low-crosstalk waveguide crossing. Functioning as a reflective notch filter, it can be used for optical communications and for sensor applications. The device is simulated using the transfer-matrix method combined with a two- dimensional finite-difference mode solver and is fabricated by a CMOS-compatible silicon-on-insulator technology. The measurement shows an extinction ratio greater than 25dB and a resonance-wavelength temperature dependence of 0.09nm/K.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 390 (2005).
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  3. J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1331 (2004).
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  4. H. Sun, A. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Opt. Express 17, 10731 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Chremmos and O. Schwelb, Opt. Commun. 282, 3712(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Chrostowski, N. Rouger, D. Deptuck, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 17th International Conference on Telecommunications—Optical Communications and Devices (IEEE, 2010), pp. 544--551.
  9. A. Fallahkhair, K. Li, and T. Murphy, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1423 (2008).
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  10. N. Rouger, L. Chrostowski, and R. Vafaei, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1380 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. V. Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. V. Thourhout, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401(2005).
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  12. H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2007

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 32, 2801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

Bogaerts, W.

Campenhout, J. V.

Chen, A.

H. Sun, A. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Opt. Express 17, 10731 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chremmos, I.

I. Chremmos and O. Schwelb, Opt. Commun. 282, 3712(2009).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

N. Rouger, L. Chrostowski, and R. Vafaei, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1380 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.

L. Chrostowski, N. Rouger, D. Deptuck, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 17th International Conference on Telecommunications—Optical Communications and Devices (IEEE, 2010), pp. 544--551.

Chung, Y.

Dagli, N.

Dalton, L. R.

H. Sun, A. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Opt. Express 17, 10731 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deptuck, D.

L. Chrostowski, N. Rouger, D. Deptuck, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 17th International Conference on Telecommunications—Optical Communications and Devices (IEEE, 2010), pp. 544--551.

Dumon, P.

Fallahkhair, A.

Hau, S.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, N. A. F.

L. Chrostowski, N. Rouger, D. Deptuck, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 17th International Conference on Telecommunications—Optical Communications and Devices (IEEE, 2010), pp. 544--551.

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.

Jen, A. K.-Y.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-G.

Li, K.

Luo, J.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B.

Murphy, T.

Paloczi, G. T.

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poon, J. K. S.

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pyajt, A.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rouger, N.

N. Rouger, L. Chrostowski, and R. Vafaei, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1380 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, N. Rouger, D. Deptuck, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 17th International Conference on Telecommunications—Optical Communications and Devices (IEEE, 2010), pp. 544--551.

Scheuer, J.

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schwelb, O.

I. Chremmos and O. Schwelb, Opt. Commun. 282, 3712(2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.

Shi, Z.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, A. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Opt. Express 17, 10731 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

Thourhout, D. V.

Torres, M. Á. G.

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.

Vafaei, R.

N. Rouger, L. Chrostowski, and R. Vafaei, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1380 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.

Wiaux, V.

Yariv, A.

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J.

H. Sun, A. Pyajt, J. Luo, Z. Shi, S. Hau, A. K.-Y. Jen, L. R. Dalton, and A. Chen, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

I. Chremmos and O. Schwelb, Opt. Commun. 282, 3712(2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

L. Chrostowski, N. Rouger, D. Deptuck, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 17th International Conference on Telecommunications—Optical Communications and Devices (IEEE, 2010), pp. 544--551.

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ring-resonator reflector with a waveguide crossing,” presented at the Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 2010 Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 9–12, 2010, paper Tu3-4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of the device with the transfer-matrix elements labeled. The insets show details of the waveguide crossing and the coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated reflection spectra for several coupling conditions: (a) high reflectivity, high extinction ratio; (b) low reflectivity, high extinction ratio; (c) high reflectivity, low extinction ratio.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Difference between the maximum reflectivity and the minimum reflectivity and (b) extinction ratio calculated as functions of the coupling coefficients.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement schematic with an inset showing an image of the Y-branch power splitter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured and simulated reflection spectra at 25 ° C (an estimated insertion loss of 38 dB is included in the simulation; the optical paths are tuned to fit the free spectral range and the resonance peaks).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Reflection spectra versus temperature around 25 ° C .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reflected power as a function of temperature at λ 0 = 1533.4 nm .

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E i = [ a i b i c i d i ] T , i = 1 , 2 , 3 , or 4.
C = 1 i κ [ τ 1 0 0 T c τ 0 0 0 0 τ 1 0 0 T c τ ] ,
E 1 = C 12 P 23 C 34 E 4 .
P 23 = [ 0 0 0 P L 1 0 0 P L 2 1 0 0 P L 2 0 0 P L 1 1 0 0 0 ] ,
a 4 = b 1 e ( i β + α ) L 3 , d 4 = c 1 e ( i β + α ) L 3 .

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