Abstract

In this Letter, we present a comprehensive comparison of the performance of a zirconia-based erbium-doped fiber amplifier (Zr-EDFA) and a bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber amplifier (Bi-EDFA). The experimental results reveal that a Zr-EDFA can achieve comparable performance to the conventional Bi-EDFA for C-band and L-band operations. With a combination of both Zr and Al, we could achieve a high erbium-doping concentration of about 2800ppm (parts per million) in the glass host without any phase separations of rare earths. The Zr-based erbium-doped fiber (Zr-EDF) was fabricated using in a ternary glass host, zirconia–yttria–aluminum codoped silica fiber through a solution-doping technique along with modified chemical vapor deposition. At a high input signal of 0dBm, a flat gain at average value of 13dB is obtained with a gain variation of less than 2dB within the wavelength region of 15301575nm and using 2m of Zr-EDF and 120mW pump power. The noise figures are less than 9.2 at this wavelength region. It was found that a Zr-EDFA can achieve even better flat-gain value and bandwidth as well as lower noise figure than the conventional Bi-EDFA.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

X. S. Cheng, R. Parvizi, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, IEEE Photonics J. 1, 259 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

E. Snoeks, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, Opt. Mater. 5, 159 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Gill, L. McCaughan, and J. C. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2334 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

X. S. Cheng, R. Parvizi, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, IEEE Photonics J. 1, 259 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. S.

X. S. Cheng, R. Parvizi, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, IEEE Photonics J. 1, 259 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cucinotta, A.

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dhar, A.

Gill, D. M.

D. M. Gill, L. McCaughan, and J. C. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2334 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

X. S. Cheng, R. Parvizi, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, IEEE Photonics J. 1, 259 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Hwang, B.-C.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Jiang, S.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Kik, P. G.

E. Snoeks, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, Opt. Mater. 5, 159 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Luo, T.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Maiti, H. S.

McCaughan, L.

D. M. Gill, L. McCaughan, and J. C. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2334 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mondal, A. K.

Mori, A.

Nishida, Y.

Ohishi, Y.

Oikawa, K.

Ono, H.

Pal, M.

Parvizi, R.

X. S. Cheng, R. Parvizi, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, IEEE Photonics J. 1, 259 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paul, M. C.

Peyghambarian, N.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Poli, F.

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

E. Snoeks, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, Opt. Mater. 5, 159 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Selleri, S.

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sen, R.

Sen, S.

Seneschal, K.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Smektala, F.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, Opt. Mater. 5, 159 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J. C.

D. M. Gill, L. McCaughan, and J. C. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2334 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

X. S. Cheng, R. Parvizi, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, IEEE Photonics J. 1, 259 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

N. Sugimoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

E. Snoeks, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, Opt. Mater. 5, 159 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. M. Gill, L. McCaughan, and J. C. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2334 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2000), PD5-1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Forward single-pass experimental setup for evaluating EDFA performance.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of gain and noise figure spectra between Zr-EDFA and Bi-EDFA at an input signal power of 30 dBm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of gain and noise figure spectra between Zr-EDFA and Bi-EDFA at an input signal power of 0 dBm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain and noise figure spectra for both Zr-EDFA and Bi-EDFA at an input signal power of 30 dBm when both EDFs are optimized for L-band operation.

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