Abstract

We demonstrate 160Gbit/s return-to-zero (RZ) differential quarternary phase-shift keying (DQPSK) signal transmission over a 110km single-mode fiber by taking advantage of mid-span optical phase conjugation (OPC). The technique is based on nonlinear wavelength conversion by cascaded second harmonic and difference frequency generation in a Ti:PPLN waveguide. Error-free operation with a negligible optical signal-to-noise ratio penalty for the signal after the OPC transmission without and with polarization scrambling was achieved. The results also show the polarization insensitivity of the OPC system using a polarization diversity scheme.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.
  4. I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.
  8. S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

2006 (2)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[Crossref]

Adamiecki, A.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Brener, I.

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

Calabro, S.

Chaban, E.

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Chou, M. H.

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, A.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

de Waardt, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Doerr, C. R.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Essiambre, R.-J.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Fejer, M. M.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

Han, L.

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

Harel, R.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

Huettl, B.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G. D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G.-D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kosinski, S.

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

Krummrich, P. M.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kurz, J. R.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Ludwig, R.

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

Mikkelsen, B.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

Monsalve, C. C.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nouroozi, R.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

Parameswaran, K.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

Parameswaran, K. R.

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

Pruitt, D. L.

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

Schubert, C.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

Shirasaki, M.

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sinsky, J.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

Sohler, W.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

Spälter, S.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Spinnler, B.

Suche, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

van den Borne, D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 54 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

Electron. Lett. (2)

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[Crossref]

I. Brener, M. H. Chou, E. Chaban, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, S. Kosinski, and D. L. Pruitt, Electron. Lett. 36, 66(2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 505 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. C. Monsalve, S. Spälter, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 923 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Other (3)

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, J. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and S. Chandrasekhar, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP 32.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-4127-2 (to be published).

H. Hu, L. Han, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, J. Yu, and C. Schubert, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF6.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarization-insensitive PPLN subsystem.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the 160 Gb i t / s RZ-DQPSK signal transmission over 110 km SMF using OPC.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectrum at the input and the output of the polarization-insensitive PPLN subsystem, (b) filtered optical spectrum at the output of the OPC.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace of the data pulses before transmission and after 110 km OPC transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER measurements for the 160 Gb i t / s DQPSK back-to-back signal, and for the 160 Gb i t / s DQPSK signal after the 110 km OPC transmission with and without polarization scrambling.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

40 Gb i t / s eye diagram of the signal after 110 km OPC transmission, demultiplexing, and demodulation in the DQPSK receiver (a) without and (b) with polarization scrambling.

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