Abstract

We demonstrate optical manipulation and transport of 1μm sized polystyrene particles on silicon nitride microring-resonator-based add–drop devices in an integrated optofluidic chip. By tuning the input laser wavelength and upon certain resonance quality factors, we observe microparticles (i) transported to the throughput port, (ii) routed to the microring and trapped in round trips, and (iii) transported to the drop port. We investigate the microparticle velocity at various laser wavelengths and in various spatial regions of the devices with different resonance quality factors. Such a device can act as a particle add–drop filter for “particle circuits” in lab-on-a-chip applications.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. Gaugiran, S. Gétin, J. M. Fedeli, G. Colas, A. Fuchs, F. Chatelain, and J. Dérouard, Opt. Express 13, 6956 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Nitkowsk, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 35, 1626 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Arnold, D. Keng, S. I. Shopova, S. Holler, W. Zurawsky, and F. Vollmer, Opt. Express 17, 6230 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Mandal, X. Serey, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 10, 99 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, Lab Chip 10, 769 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. Cai and A. W. Poon, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JWA70.
  8. A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. Nitkowsk, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 35, 1626 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Mandal, X. Serey, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 10, 99 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, Lab Chip 10, 769 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

S. Arnold, D. Keng, S. I. Shopova, S. Holler, W. Zurawsky, and F. Vollmer, Opt. Express 17, 6230 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. Gaugiran, S. Gétin, J. M. Fedeli, G. Colas, A. Fuchs, F. Chatelain, and J. Dérouard, Opt. Express 13, 6956 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Armani, A. M.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Armani, D. K.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Arnold, S.

Cai, H.

H. Cai and A. W. Poon, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JWA70.

Chatelain, F.

Colas, G.

Dérouard, J.

Erickson, D.

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, Lab Chip 10, 769 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mandal, X. Serey, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 10, 99 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J. M.

Fuchs, A.

Gaugiran, S.

Gétin, S.

Gondarenko, A.

Holler, S.

Keng, D.

Klug, M.

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

A. Nitkowsk, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 35, 1626 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandal, S.

S. Mandal, X. Serey, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 10, 99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Min, B.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Moore, S. D.

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nitkowsk, A.

Poon, A. W.

H. Cai and A. W. Poon, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JWA70.

Schmidt, B. S.

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serey, X.

S. Mandal, X. Serey, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 10, 99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shopova, S. I.

Spillane, S. M.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vollmer, F.

Yang, A. H. J.

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, Lab Chip 10, 769 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zurawsky, W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lab Chip (1)

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, Lab Chip 10, 769 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

S. Mandal, X. Serey, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 10, 99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, Nature 457, 71 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

H. Cai and A. W. Poon, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JWA70.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of optical manipulation of microparticles on a microring-resonator-based add–drop device. I, input port; II, input coupling; III, input arc; IV, output coupling; V, drop port; VI, feedback arc; VII, throughput port. (b) Optical micrograph of the optofluidic device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured throughput- and drop-port transmission spectra of device I. (b) Optical micrograph of the device with microparticle positions (indicated by the yellow circles) at various times upon illumination at off-resonance wavelength D. (c)–(g) Zoom-in images of the microparticle (labeled by the yellow arrow) at times (c) 0, (d) 20, (e) 23, (f) 27, and (g) 75 s .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical micrograph of the device with microparticle positions (indicated by the yellow circles) at various times upon illumination at on-resonance wavelength A. (b)–(h) Zoom-in images of the microparticle (labeled by the yellow arrow) at times (b) 0, (c) 8, (d) 21, (e) 69, (f) 195, and (g) 242 s with a stuck microparticle (labeled by the upper green arrow) and (h) 432 s .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured throughput- and drop-port transmission spectra of device II. (b) Optical micrograph of the device with microparticle positions (indicated by the yellow circles) at various times upon illumination at on-resonance wavelength A . (c)–(h) Zoom-in images of the microparticle (labeled by the yellow arrow) at times (c) 0, (d) 50, (e) 60, (f) 187, (g) 254, and (h) 276 s .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Summarized measured microparticle average velocity at wavelengths (A, B, C, and D, and A , B , C , and D ) in regions I–VII of devices (a) I and (b) II.

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