Abstract

In this Letter, we present a fiber loop mirror configuration based on a suspended twin-core fiber for sensing applications. Using the suspended twin-core fiber, the fringe pattern is due to the differential optical patch of the light in the two cores associated with a refractive index difference of ~103, which indicates an advantage of this approach compared with those based on high-birefringent fibers, namely, the possibility of using a small length of fiber. The sensing configuration was characterized for torsion, temperature, and strain. Using the fast Fourier transform technique, it is possible to obtain measurand-induced amplitude variations of the fringe pattern. The results obtained indicate the viability of a temperature- and strain-independent torsion sensor.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (1)

H. Zang, B. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, and S. Wang, Opt. Appl. XL, 209 (2010).

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, Appl. Opt. 47, 2520 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Culshaw, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, R1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Bo, Z. Qida, L. Feng, G. Tuan, X. Lifang, L. Shuhong, and G. Hong, Appl. Opt. 45, 7767 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim and J. U. Kang, Opt. Express 12, 4490 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Michie, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, M. Aslund, and J. Digweed, Opt. Express 12, 5160 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

S. Chung, J. Kim, B.-A. Yu, and B. A. Lee, IEEE Photon. Lett. 13, 1343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. A. Wallace, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rosa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

D. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aslund, M.

Bagget, J. C.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baptista, J. M.

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, Appl. Opt. 47, 2520 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Belardi, W.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bo, D.

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, M.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. A. Wallace, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Chung, S.

S. Chung, J. Kim, B.-A. Yu, and B. A. Lee, IEEE Photon. Lett. 13, 1343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Cruz, J. L.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cui, L.

Culshaw, B.

B. Culshaw, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, R1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De La Rosa, E.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rosa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Pínar, M.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Díez, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Digweed, J.

Dong, X.

Feng, L.

Fneg, X.

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, Appl. Opt. 47, 2520 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Furusawa, K.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

Y. G. Han, Appl. Phys. B 95, 383 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holmes-Smith, A. S.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. A. Wallace, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hong, G.

Jin, W.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

Kang, J. U.

Kim, B.

Kim, D.-H.

Kim, J.

S. Chung, J. Kim, B.-A. Yu, and B. A. Lee, IEEE Photon. Lett. 13, 1343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-H.

Kobelke, J.

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Lee, B. A.

S. Chung, J. Kim, B.-A. Yu, and B. A. Lee, IEEE Photon. Lett. 13, 1343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lifang, X.

Liu, B.

Liu, Y.

Lu, C.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J.

H. Zang, B. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, and S. Wang, Opt. Appl. XL, 209 (2010).

Lyytikainen, K.

Marques, L. M.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Michie, A.

Monro, T. M.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monzon, D.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rosa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mortimore, D.

D. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qida, Z.

Richardson, D. J.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

Sahu, J. K.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, Appl. Opt. 47, 2520 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Santos, S.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuster, K.

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Shuhong, L.

Shum, P.

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silva, S. F. O.

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Starodumov, A. N.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rosa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tuan, G.

Wallace, P. A. A.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. A. Wallace, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

H. Zang, B. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, and S. Wang, Opt. Appl. XL, 209 (2010).

Wang, Z.

H. Zang, B. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, and S. Wang, Opt. Appl. XL, 209 (2010).

Webb, A. S.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.-A.

S. Chung, J. Kim, B.-A. Yu, and B. A. Lee, IEEE Photon. Lett. 13, 1343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

Zang, H.

H. Zang, B. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, and S. Wang, Opt. Appl. XL, 209 (2010).

Zenteno, L. A.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rosa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, G.

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. A. Wallace, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. G. Han, Appl. Phys. B 95, 383 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and E. De La Rosa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Dong, H. Y. Tam, and P. Shum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, Electron. Lett. 44, 1455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pínar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Electron. Lett. 40, 1327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Lett. (1)

S. Chung, J. Kim, B.-A. Yu, and B. A. Lee, IEEE Photon. Lett. 13, 1343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

O. Frazão, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (3)

M. Campbell, G. Zheng, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and P. A. A. Wallace, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Culshaw, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, R1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Appl. (1)

H. Zang, B. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, and S. Wang, Opt. Appl. XL, 209 (2010).

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (1)

O. Frazão, S. F. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “All fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on suspended twin-core fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the sensing head.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Channeled spectrum of the sensing head when the torsion was applied for 0 ° , 45 ° , and 90 ° (inset) and FFT analysis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Torsion measurement using the FFT and the visibility measurement techniques.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Channeled spectrum of the sensing head for the temperatures of 25 ° C and 65 ° C (inset figure) and FFT analysis.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Channeled spectrum of the sensing head in conditions of no strain and 775 με (inset) and FFT analysis.

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