Abstract

The effect of dielectric chirality on the polarization states and mode indices of guided modes in photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is investigated by a modified plane-wave expansion (PWE) method. Using a solid-core chiral PCF as a numerical example, we show that circular polarization is the eigenstate of the fundamental mode. Mode index divergence between right-handed circularly polarized (RCP) and left-handed circularly polarized (LCP) states is demonstrated. Chiralitys effect on mode index and circular birefringence (CB) in such a PCF is found to be similar to that in bulk chiral media.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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Z. Zalevsky, F. Luan, W. J. Wadsworth, S. L. Saval, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Eng. 45, 035005 (2006).
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V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
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Chien, M.

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Han, S. H.

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Herman, W. N.

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S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, J. W. Kang, Y. D. Shin, J. S. Lee, and J. J. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 298 (2001).
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Kim, J. J.

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Kim, Y.

Knight, J. C.

J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, Physica D 189, 100 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

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Kopp, V. I.

V. M. Churikov, V. I. Kopp, and A. Z. Genack, Opt. Lett. 35, 342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Lee, J. S.

S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, J. W. Kang, Y. D. Shin, J. S. Lee, and J. J. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. F.

J. Q. Li, L. Jin, L. Li, and C. F. Li, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 1261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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J. Q. Li, L. Jin, L. Li, and C. F. Li, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 1261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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J. Q. Li, L. Jin, L. Li, and C. F. Li, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 1261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Zalevsky, F. Luan, W. J. Wadsworth, S. L. Saval, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Eng. 45, 035005 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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Ponrathnam, S.

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R. C. Qiu and I. T. Lu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 3212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, Physica D 189, 100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saval, S. L.

Z. Zalevsky, F. Luan, W. J. Wadsworth, S. L. Saval, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Eng. 45, 035005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, J. W. Kang, Y. D. Shin, J. S. Lee, and J. J. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Singer, J.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tao, W.

X. Pan, W. Tao, F. Yan, and G. Bai, Optoelectron. Lett. 2, 41 (2006).
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van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Z. Zalevsky, F. Luan, W. J. Wadsworth, S. L. Saval, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Eng. 45, 035005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. W.

S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, J. W. Kang, Y. D. Shin, J. S. Lee, and J. J. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yan, F.

X. Pan, W. Tao, F. Yan, and G. Bai, Optoelectron. Lett. 2, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zagari, J.

Zalevsky, Z.

Z. Zalevsky, F. Luan, W. J. Wadsworth, S. L. Saval, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Eng. 45, 035005 (2006).
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Zhu, Z.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Q. Li, L. Jin, L. Li, and C. F. Li, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 1261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, J. W. Kang, Y. D. Shin, J. S. Lee, and J. J. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Qiu and I. T. Lu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 3212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. N. Herman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 18, 2806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Z. Zalevsky, F. Luan, W. J. Wadsworth, S. L. Saval, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Eng. 45, 035005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optoelectron. Lett. (1)

X. Pan, W. Tao, F. Yan, and G. Bai, Optoelectron. Lett. 2, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Physica D (1)

J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, Physica D 189, 100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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