Abstract

The effect of dielectric chirality on the polarization states and mode indices of guided modes in photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is investigated by a modified plane-wave expansion (PWE) method. Using a solid-core chiral PCF as a numerical example, we show that circular polarization is the eigenstate of the fundamental mode. Mode index divergence between right-handed circularly polarized (RCP) and left-handed circularly polarized (LCP) states is demonstrated. Chirality’s effect on mode index and circular birefringence (CB) in such a PCF is found to be similar to that in bulk chiral media.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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