Abstract

We report on experiments on the interaction of a gigawatt femtosecond laser pulse train with hanging isolated millimeter-sized water droplets. A transparent droplet experienced explosive boiling-up and emitted light in the visible spectrum as a result of laser-induced plasma formed inside the droplet volume. The droplet emission spectra showed remarkable broadening, depending on the laser power. The role of pulse self-phase modulation in measured spectral broadening when the pulse propagates through the droplet is discussed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2010 (2)

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 23, 9 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 121 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, J.-P. Wolf, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, and J. R. Bottiger, Appl. Opt. 41, 2994 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

Baulo, E. N.

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beard, M. C.

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bernhardt, T. M.

Bottiger, J. R.

Boutou, V.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, V. Boutou, B. Vezin, and J.-P. Wolf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1918 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bukin, O. A.

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, R. K.

H. C. Huang, Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, and R. K. Chang, Opt. Express 16, 16523 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, J.-P. Wolf, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, and J. R. Bottiger, Appl. Opt. 41, 2994 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

Duft, D.

Favre, C.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flettner, A.

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Geints, Yu. E.

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 121 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 23, 9 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gerber, G.

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Golik, S. S.

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hagen, J.

Hill, S. C.

Holler, S.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, J.-P. Wolf, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, and J. R. Bottiger, Appl. Opt. 41, 2994 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. C.

Il’in, A. A.

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

Krämer, B.

Krenz, M.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kul’chin, Yu. N.

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lambrecht, H.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leisner, T.

Lindinger, A.

Pan, Y.-L.

Pfeifer, T.

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pinnick, R. G.

Rairoux, P.

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

Socaciu, L. D.

Sokolova, E. B.

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

Spielmann, C.

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Turner, G. M.

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vezin, B.

Walter, D.

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Winterfeldt, C.

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Woeste, L.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, J.-P. Wolf, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, and J. R. Bottiger, Appl. Opt. 41, 2994 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, Opt. Commun. 152, 355 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, V. Boutou, B. Vezin, and J.-P. Wolf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1918 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wöste, L.

Yu, J.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zemlyanov, A. A.

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 23, 9 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 121 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zimmer, W.

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Flettner, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 77, 747 (2003).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Oceanic Opt. (2)

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 23, 9 (2010).
[Crossref]

O. A. Bukin, S. S. Golik, A. A. Il’in, Yu. N. Kul’chin, E. B. Sokolova, and E. N. Baulo, Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 209 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, Opt. Commun. 152, 355 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J.-P. Wolf, Y.-L. Pan, G. M. Turner, M. C. Beard, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023808 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Favre, V. Boutou, S. C. Hill, W. Zimmer, M. Krenz, H. Lambrecht, J. Yu, R. K. Chang, L. Woeste, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 035002 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

Yu. E. Geints and A. A. Zemlyanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 121 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of hanging water droplet with a 0 1 mm exposed to a train of femtosecond laser pulses (exposure time 1 / 500 s ). The laser radiation is incident from the left.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Visible band of water droplet emission spectrum at the incidence of laser pulse with t p = 685 fs , (b) averaged droplet emission spectra at the different laser pulse duration. The dashed line depicts the spectrum of the initial laser pulse (in an arbitrary scale).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Differential emission spectrum (experimental and theoretical) of a water droplet exposed to the laser pulse. Arrows indicate the centers of chemical elements emission lines.

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