Abstract

We investigated the effect of amplitude-modulated (AM) ultrasound (US) on acousto-optic (AO) signals. A phantom was exposed to both AM US and a green laser, and CCD measurements of speckle contrast were made with various exposure times. The results show that the AO signal oscillates at the AM frequency when the CCD exposure time is a fraction of the AM period and stops oscillating when the CCD exposure time is a multiple of the AM period. The AO signal decreases quickly as the AM frequency increases or peak–peak (pk–pk) amplitude decreases. With 4ms exposure time, 250Hz AM frequency and 1.27MPa pk–pk acoustic pressure, there is an ~30% increase in the AO signal compared with that of CW US. The increase in the signal is likely to be due to the particle oscillation and the induced shear wave as a result of the radiation force generated by the AM US.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
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2010 (1)

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, and E. Bossy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 154103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Bouchard, M. L. Palmeri, G. F. Pinton, and G. E. Trahey, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2733 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. F. Humphrey, Prog. Biophys. Molec. Biol. 93, 195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Zemp, C. Kim, and L. V. Wang, Appl. Opt. 46, 1615 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

L. H. V. Wang, Dis. Markers 19, 123 (2004).
[PubMed]

T. W. Murray, L. Sui, G. Maguluri, R. A. Roy, A. Nieva, F. Blonigen, and C. A. Di Marzio, Opt. Lett. 29, 2509 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, M. Muller, and M. Fink, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

Abouelkaram, S.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bercoff, J.

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, M. Muller, and M. Fink, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blonigen, F.

Boccara, A. C.

K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, and E. Bossy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 154103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Leveque, A. C. Boccara, M. Lebec, and H. Saint-Jalmes, Opt. Lett. 24, 181 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bossy, E.

K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, and E. Bossy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 154103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouchard, R. R.

R. R. Bouchard, M. L. Palmeri, G. F. Pinton, and G. E. Trahey, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2733 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catheline, S.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. G.

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Culioli, J.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Daoudi, K.

K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, and E. Bossy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 154103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Delon, G.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Di Marzio, C. A.

Dunsby, C.

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eckersley, R. J.

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elson, D. S.

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fatemi, M.

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fink, M.

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, M. Muller, and M. Fink, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Funke, A. R.

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gennisson, J. L.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greenleaf, J. F.

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Humphrey, V. F.

V. F. Humphrey, Prog. Biophys. Molec. Biol. 93, 195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

Kinnick, R.

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kotler, Z.

Lebec, M.

Lev, A.

Leveque, S.

Li, R.

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maguluri, G.

Muller, M.

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, M. Muller, and M. Fink, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murray, T. W.

Nieva, A.

Palmeri, M. L.

R. R. Bouchard, M. L. Palmeri, G. F. Pinton, and G. E. Trahey, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2733 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pinton, G. F.

R. R. Bouchard, M. L. Palmeri, G. F. Pinton, and G. E. Trahey, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2733 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, R. A.

Saint-Jalmes, H.

Sfez, B. G.

Sinkus, R.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sui, L.

Tang, M.-X.

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanter, M.

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, M. Muller, and M. Fink, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trahey, G. E.

R. R. Bouchard, M. L. Palmeri, G. F. Pinton, and G. E. Trahey, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2733 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. H. V.

L. H. V. Wang, Dis. Markers 19, 123 (2004).
[PubMed]

Wang, L. V.

Zemp, R. J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Bossy, A. R. Funke, K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 174111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Daoudi, A. C. Boccara, and E. Bossy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 154103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dis. Markers (1)

L. H. V. Wang, Dis. Markers 19, 123 (2004).
[PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. (2)

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, M. Muller, and M. Fink, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelect. Freq. Contr. 51, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (2)

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus, S. Abouelkaram, and J. Culioli, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 3734 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Bouchard, M. L. Palmeri, G. F. Pinton, and G. E. Trahey, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2733 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. (1)

M.-X. Tang, D. S. Elson, R. Li, C. Dunsby, and R. J. Eckersley, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H-J Eng. Med. 224, 291 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Biophys. Molec. Biol. (1)

V. F. Humphrey, Prog. Biophys. Molec. Biol. 93, 195 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: FG, function generator; NDF, neutral density filter. The inset illustrates the triggers from the delay generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized particle displacements at different oscillation frequencies.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Contrast difference versus CCD trigger delay time for CW US and 250 Hz AM US with various CCD exposure times, recorded with the same maximum pk–pk amplitudes. (b) AO signal values for different detection area to tank boundary distances.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Average AO signal versus AM US frequency (kilohertz) for US amplitude of 1.13 MPa pk–pk ( 800 mV ) and CCD exposure time of 2 ms . (b) Average AO signal versus US amplitude. AM frequency is 250 Hz , CCD exposure time is 2 ms , and pk–pk acoustic pressures for 225 mV and 900 mV are 318 kPa and 1.27 MPa , respectively.

Equations (2)

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p ( t ) = p 0 [ 1 + cos ( Δ ω t ) ] × cos ( ω 0 t ) ,
F = d r S p 0 2 2 ρ c 2 ( 1 + cos ( Δ ω t ) ) 2 .

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