Abstract

A Q-switched Tm:fiber-laser-pumped Ho:LuLiF4 laser is reported that has been optimized for high-energy pulses at low repetition rates. Operating at 100Hz, a pulse energy of 24.8mJ with pulse widths of 47ns at a wavelength of 2052nm was achieved. The beam propagation factor (M2) was measured to be 1.04 at the maximum pump power, confirming fundamental transverse mode (TEM00) operation. Starting the pump laser at maximum power, the pulse energies of each of the first 10 pulses are >47mJ. This strong influence of crystal temperature on laser performance is discussed with the prospect for further improvement of the laser efficiency.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (2)

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Lett. 35, 420 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 7643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, Appl. Opt. 45, 3839 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lippert, G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 292.

Armstrong, D.

Bai, Y.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 7643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, J. Yu, and M. Petros, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB8.

Bollig, C.

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Botha, C. Bollig, M. J. D Esser, R. N. Campbell, C. Jacobs, and D. R. Preussler, Opt. Express 17, 20615(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Botha, L. R.

Budni, P. A.

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, R. N.

Castro, R. T.

Chen, S.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Chicklis, E. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cooper, L. J.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dergachev, A.

A. Dergachev, D. Armstrong, A. Smith, T. Drake, and M. Dubois, Opt. Express 15, 14404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dergachev and P. F. Moulton, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 137.

Di Bartolo, B.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Drake, T.

Dubois, M.

Esser, M. J. D

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Botha, C. Bollig, M. J. D Esser, R. N. Campbell, C. Jacobs, and D. R. Preussler, Opt. Express 17, 20615(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Grew, G. W.

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 7643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. J.

Huber, G.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ibach, C. R.

Jacobs, C.

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Botha, C. Bollig, M. J. D Esser, R. N. Campbell, C. Jacobs, and D. R. Preussler, Opt. Express 17, 20615(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer, 1981).

Kim, J. W.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006).

Koen, W.

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Lee, H. R.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

Lemons, M. L.

Lippert, E.

E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, Appl. Opt. 45, 3839 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lippert, G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 292.

Mackenzie, J. I.

Miller, C. A.

Mitzscherlich, P.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mosto, J. R.

Moulton, P. F.

A. Dergachev and P. F. Moulton, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 137.

Nicolas, S.

Parisi, D.

Petros, M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, J. Yu, and M. Petros, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB8.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

Petzar, P.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Petzar, P. J.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

Pomeranz, L. A.

Preussler, D. R.

Rustad, G.

E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, Appl. Opt. 45, 3839 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lippert, G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 292.

Schellhorn, M.

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Setzler, S. D.

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, U.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Singh, U. N.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A.

Stenersen, K.

E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, Appl. Opt. 45, 3839 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lippert, G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 292.

Strauss, H.

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Trieu, B.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Trieu, B. C.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

Veronesi, S.

Walsh, B.

B. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, J. Yu, and M. Petros, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB8.

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 7643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

B. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, J. Yu, and M. Petros, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB8.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Koen, C. Bollig, H. Strauss, M. Schellhorn, C. Jacobs, and M. J. D Esser, Appl. Phys. B 99, 101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 7643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (7)

E. Lippert, G. Arisholm, G. Rustad, and K. Stenersen, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 292.

A. Dergachev and P. F. Moulton, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, J.J.Zayhowski, ed. (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. 137.

Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. J. Petzar, B. C. Trieu, H. R. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuN5.

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer, 1981).

Y. Bai, J. Yu, P. Petzar, M. Petros, S. Chen, B. Trieu, H. Lee, and U. Singh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWH5.

B. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, J. Yu, and M. Petros, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB8.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the folded-cavity Q-switched Ho:LLF oscillator. 1.94 μm unpolarized pump radiation was injected through dichroic mirrors (DM). OC, output coupler; AOM, Brewster-cut acousto-optic modulator; HR1 and HR2, 2.05 μm high reflectors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output power versus pump power for the Ho:LLF laser operating in Q-switch mode at different repetition rates of 1000, 500, 250, and 100 Hz . The inset shows the output power with respect to the absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse train of the first 50 pulses and subsequent 50 pulses after thermalization of Ho:LLF crystal (solid line). The Tm:fiber laser (dashed line) was started at full pump power. The inset shows the temporal shape of a pulse. The crystal mount temperature was 15 ° C .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Q-switched Ho:LLF output average power at a repetition rate of 1000 Hz versus temperature at two different pump power levels. Straight lines are linear fits to the data. The inset shows the output average power versus absorbed pump power at different crystal temperatures in the range from 5 ° C to 40 ° C .

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