Abstract

An approach for obtaining one-way transmission in the beaming regime is suggested that is based on the directional radiation of surface plasmons in nonsymmetric metallic gratings with a single slit. In contrast to the various nonsymmetric one-way diffraction gratings that have recently been proposed, the possibility of obtaining of narrow beams is demonstrated. Strong directional selectivity can appear a wide range of the observation angles, while the angle of incidence is retained.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. E. Serebryannikov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 155117 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. E. Serebryannikov and E. Ozbay, Opt. Express 17, 13335 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, Science 308, 670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. Figotin and I. Vitebskiy, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165210 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Scalora, J. R. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

M. Scalora, J. R. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

M. Scalora, J. R. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bulu, I.

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caglayan, H.

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chong, J. D.

Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowling, J. R.

M. Scalora, J. R. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Evans, B. R.

P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, Science 308, 670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Figotin, A.

A. Figotin and I. Vitebskiy, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165210 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hibbins, A. P.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hibbins, P.

P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, Science 308, 670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lim, Y.

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lockyear, M. J.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

A. E. Serebryannikov and E. Ozbay, Opt. Express 17, 13335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, 1988).

Sambles, J. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, Science 308, 670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scalora, M.

M. Scalora, J. R. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, A. E.

Soljacic, M.

Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

Vitebskiy, I.

A. Figotin and I. Vitebskiy, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165210 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, K. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Caglayan, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Scalora, J. R. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. E. Serebryannikov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 155117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Figotin and I. Vitebskiy, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165210 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Z. Wang, J. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, Science 305, 847 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, Science 308, 670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the metallic (Al) grating structures with subwavelength slit at the center, which is 2 mm wide and 8 mm long. (a) Sample 1: front-side surface period, b = 16 mm ; back-side surface period, a = 22 mm . (b) Sample 2: front-side grating surface period, b = 16 mm ; back-side surface period, c = 26 mm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maps of transmittance for Samples 1 and 2: (a) front-side illumination of Sample 1, (b) back-side illumination of Sample 1 (no tilting), (c) front-side illumination of Sample 2, (d) back-side illumination of Sample 2 (tilting by 30 deg). Observation angle is measured in the clockwise direction from the normal to the output interface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electric field distribution for Sample 1 at f = 11.2 GHz : (a) front-side and (b) back-side illumination; no tilting. Color bar is normalized to 1; maximum is brown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Electric field distribution for Sample 2 at f = 9.8 GHz : (a) front-side and (b) back-side illumination; tilting by 30 deg. Color bar is normalized to 0.6; maximum is brown.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Far-field transmission for (a) Sample 1 at f = 11.2 GHz (without tilting) and (b) Sample 2 at f = 9.8 GHz (tilting by 30 deg). Solid black curve, front-side illumination; dashed red curve, back-side illumination.

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