Abstract

An ultracompact reflective arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) (de)multiplexer based on Si nanowires is demonstrated for the first time (to our knowledge). Each waveguide in the array has an individual photonic crystal (PhC) reflector at its end, making the AWG layout design very flexible. An eight-channel AWG (de)multiplexer with a channel spacing of 400 GHz is demonstrated experimentally. The total size of the fabricated AWG is as small as 134μm×115μm. The excess loss of the fabricated reflective AWG (de)multiplexer is about 3–4 dB, and the crosstalk is about 12dB.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (1)

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, S. Janz, and T. J. Hall, Opt. Express 16, 17616 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, Appl. Opt. 46, 1126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai and S. He, Opt. Express 14, 5260 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2107 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, Electron. Lett. 31, 726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bernussi, A. A.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bock, P. J.

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brouckaert, J.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheben, P.

Dai, D.

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, Appl. Opt. 46, 1126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai and S. He, Opt. Express 14, 5260 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Peralta, L. G.

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Delâge, A.

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Frisbie, S.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gale, R.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goh, T.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2107 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gorbounov, V.

Grave de Peralta, L.

Hall, T. J.

He, S.

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, Appl. Opt. 46, 1126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai and S. He, Opt. Express 14, 5260 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Himeno, A.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, Electron. Lett. 31, 726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, Electron. Lett. 31, 726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jaenen, P.

Janz, S.

Kawachi, M.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, Electron. Lett. 31, 726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-J.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-M.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linn, J. A.

Liu, L.

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moriwaki, K.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, Electron. Lett. 31, 726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Motegi, A.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, F.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pyo, J.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, J. H.

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, Appl. Opt. 46, 1126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. H.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2107 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2107 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wosinski, L.

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.-X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, Electron. Lett. 31, 726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration of the present reflective AWG (de)multiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated reflection efficiency in the window of [ 1.45 , 1.65 ] μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Picture of the fabricated reflective AWG (de)multiplexer with 8 × 400 GHz channels, (b) microscope picture for the measurement setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured spectral responses of all the channels, (b) spectral response of the third channel.

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