Abstract

By using a parametric downconversion process with a strong signal field injection, we demonstrate coherent frequency downconversion from a pump photon to an idler photon. Contrary to a common misunderstanding, we show that the process can be free of quantum noise. With an interference experiment, we demonstrate that the coherence is preserved in the conversion process. This may lead to a high-fidelity quantum state transfer from a high-frequency photon to a low-frequency photon and connects a missing link in a quantum network. With this scheme of coherent frequency downconversion of photons, we propose a method of single-photon WDM.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. C. Kao and G. A. Hockham, Proc. IEEE 113, 1151 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

C. J. McKinstrie, J. D. Harvey, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, Opt. Express 13, 9131 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Gisin, G. G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1371 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1966

K. C. Kao and G. A. Hockham, Proc. IEEE 113, 1151 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1961

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, Phys. Rev. A 124, 1646 (1961).

Albota, M. A.

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boca, A.

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1992).

Campos, R. A.

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1371 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Centanni, J. C.

Choi, K. S.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S.

S. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Martini, F.

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, H.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, L.-M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Fleischhauer, A.

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giorgi, G.

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Hager, J.

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Halder, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ham, B. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Hau, L. V.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hockham, G. A.

K. C. Kao and G. A. Hockham, Proc. IEEE 113, 1151 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jopson, R. M.

Kao, K. C.

K. C. Kao and G. A. Hockham, Proc. IEEE 113, 1151 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, J. R.

Kuzmich, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Laurat, J.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Louisell, W. H.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, Phys. Rev. A 124, 1646 (1961).

W. H. Louisell, Coupled Mode and Parametric Electronics (Wiley, 1960).

Lukin, M. D.

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mabuchi, H.

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mataloni, P.

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Miller, R.

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Musser, J. A.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Northup, T. E.

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, D. F.

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radic, S.

Raymer, M. G.

Ribordy, G. G.

N. Gisin, G. G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Saleh, B. E. A.

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1371 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shahriar, M. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984).

Siegman, A. E.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, Phys. Rev. A 124, 1646 (1961).

Sudarshanam, V. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teich, M. C.

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1371 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

VanDevender, A. P.

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Walsworth, R. L.

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, F. N. C.

Yariv, A.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, Phys. Rev. A 124, 1646 (1961).

Ye, J.

S. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Nature

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Nature 437, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, Nature 452, 67 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, Phys. Rev. A 124, 1646 (1961).

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1371 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. D

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, R. Miller, T. E. Northup, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 193601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE

K. C. Kao and G. A. Hockham, Proc. IEEE 113, 1151 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

N. Gisin, G. G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

Y. R. Shen, Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1992).

W. H. Louisell, Coupled Mode and Parametric Electronics (Wiley, 1960).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics for the demonstration of frequency downconversion. X2, frequency doubling; DM, dichroic mirror; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; ATT, attenuator; D, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detected signal size of the idler field as a function of the attenuation factor of the pump field or the transmission coefficient of the attenuator. The solid line is y = a x with a = 7 for best fit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Upper trace, interference fringe between the generated idler field and the original laser field. Lower trace, ramp signal ( / 100 ) from the high voltage applied to the PZT for phase scan of the pump field.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single-photon WDM.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H ^ PA = i η A p a ^ s a ^ i i η * a ^ s a ^ i A p * ,
a ^ s ( out ) = G a ^ s + g a ^ i , a ^ i ( out ) = G a ^ i + g a ^ s ,
H ^ 3 W = i η a ^ p a ^ s a ^ i i η * a ^ s a ^ i a ^ p .
H ^ FC = i η a ^ p a ^ i A s * i η * A s a ^ i a ^ p .
a ^ p ( out ) = a ^ p cos | η A s | τ + e j φ s a ^ i sin | η A s | τ , a ^ i ( out ) = a ^ i cos | η A s | τ e j φ s a ^ p sin | η A s | τ ,

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