Abstract

The effects of bending on randomly birefringent, single-mode optical fibers have been analyzed by means of polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain reflectometry. This distributed, pointwise characterization has been performed on ad hoc drawn spun fibers and on a ribbon cable. Experimental results are in agreement with the theoretical predictions and confirm the effectiveness of reflectometry as a means to characterize polarization properties of optical fibers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

2004

2002

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1997

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1983

S. C. Rashleigh, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981

B. Y. Kim and S. S. Choi, Electron. Lett. 17, 193 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

1979

1978

Azzam, R. M. A.

Choi, S. S.

B. Y. Kim and S. S. Choi, Electron. Lett. 17, 193 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

Ellison, J. G.

Galtarossa, A.

A. Galtarossa, D. Grosso, L. Palmieri, and M. Rizzo, Opt. Lett. 34, 1078 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galtarossa, D. Grosso, L. Palmieri, and L. Schenato, Opt. Lett. 33, 2284 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Palmieri, T. Geisler, and A. Galtarossa, “Distributed characterization of bending-induced birefringence in spun fibers by means of P-OFDR,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, Calif., March 23–25, 2010, paper OWS2.

Geisler, T.

L. Palmieri, T. Geisler, and A. Galtarossa, “Distributed characterization of bending-induced birefringence in spun fibers by means of P-OFDR,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, Calif., March 23–25, 2010, paper OWS2.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.
[PubMed]

Gisin, N.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grosso, D.

Kim, B. Y.

B. Y. Kim and S. S. Choi, Electron. Lett. 17, 193 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Knop, O.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.
[PubMed]

Kreis, T.

H. H. Wahba and T. Kreis, J. Opt. A 11, 105407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, P.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.
[PubMed]

Legré, M.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Palmieri, L.

A. Galtarossa, D. Grosso, L. Palmieri, and M. Rizzo, Opt. Lett. 34, 1078 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galtarossa, D. Grosso, L. Palmieri, and L. Schenato, Opt. Lett. 33, 2284 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Palmieri, T. Geisler, and A. Galtarossa, “Distributed characterization of bending-induced birefringence in spun fibers by means of P-OFDR,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, Calif., March 23–25, 2010, paper OWS2.

Rashleigh, S. C.

Rizzo, M.

Schenato, L.

Schiano, M.

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schrefler, B. A.

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A. S.

Simon, A.

Someda, C. G.

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tommasini, A.

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

Wahba, H. H.

H. H. Wahba and T. Kreis, J. Opt. A 11, 105407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegmuller, M.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zavarise, G.

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

B. Y. Kim and S. S. Choi, Electron. Lett. 17, 193 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

A. Galtarossa, B. A. Schrefler, M. Schiano, C. G. Someda, A. Tommasini, and G. Zavarise, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 354 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

S. C. Rashleigh, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Ellison and A. S. Siddiqui, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A

H. H. Wahba and T. Kreis, J. Opt. A 11, 105407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Lett.

Other

L. Palmieri, T. Geisler, and A. Galtarossa, “Distributed characterization of bending-induced birefringence in spun fibers by means of P-OFDR,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, Calif., March 23–25, 2010, paper OWS2.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.
[PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Parametric plots of birefringence vectors measured on samples A and B. Green (loops centered on the axes), section on the bobbin. Red (off-centered loops), section on the 19.0 mm pole. Black, fiber connecting the two sections. Graphs share the same β M , 1 axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modulus of birefringence measured on one of the outermost fibers in different winding configurations. Green (uppermost curve), spiral on a 10.0 mm pole. Red (middle curve), spiral on a 16.1 mm . Black (smooth curve), corresponding theoretical birefringence. Blue (lowest curve), loose on 500.0 mm bobbin.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Parametric plot of the birefringence vector corresponding to the green curve of Fig. 2. Red dots, distance in meters from the fiber input.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Top, modulus of birefringence measured on one of the innermost fibers; colors and configurations as in Fig. 2. Bottom, comparison between experimental data (green, upper curve) and semianalytical data (pink, lower curve). Graphs share the same z axis.

Equations (1)

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R ( z ) ρ 0 2 + ( L z ) δ / π ,

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