Abstract

We propose a quantum switch for telecom-band applications that is composed of a χ(2) microdisk coupled to two fibers (or waveguides). The idea is to apply a pump pulse to shift the microdisk out of resonance, thereby switching the device between the cross and bar states in an interaction-free manner. As an example, a 2.5-μm-thick, 10μm radius GaAs microdisk with an intrinsic Q of 108 and a fiber-cavity-coupling Q of 104 can achieve low-loss (1%) switching for gigahertz-rate O-band quantum signals with milliwatt-peak-power pumps in the C band.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

Y. Dumeige and P. Féron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorntino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Kanter, P. Kumar, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

G. D’Ariano and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Chin and S. T. Ho, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1433 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

P. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Sci. Am. 275, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

J. Sokoloff, P. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Bulow and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 588 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

G. J. Milburn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2124 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Absil, P.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altepeter, J. B.

M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS) (2010).

Andronico, A.

Asobe, M.

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bond, T. C.

Bristow, A. D.

Bulow, H.

H. Bulow and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 588 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chak, P.

Chin, M. K.

D’Ariano, G.

G. D’Ariano and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dumeige, Y.

Y. Dumeige and P. Féron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804(2006).
[CrossRef]

El-Bawab, T. S.

T. S. El-Bawab, Optical Switching (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, W.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Favero, I.

Fejer, M.

G. Kanter, P. Kumar, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Féron, P.

Y. Dumeige and P. Féron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804(2006).
[CrossRef]

Fiorntino, M.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorntino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

J. Sokoloff, P. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, J.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Götzinger, S.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grover, R.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hall, M. A.

M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS) (2010).

Heebner, J. E.

Ho, P.-T.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

Ibrahim, T.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itoh, H.

Iyer, R.

Jacobs, B. C.

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

Kallman, J. S.

Kane, M.

J. Sokoloff, P. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kanter, G.

G. Kanter, P. Kumar, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorntino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kanter, P. Kumar, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. D’Ariano and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS) (2010).

Kuramochi, E.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P.

P. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Sci. Am. 275, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leo, G.

Li, Z.-Y.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsko, A. B.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meng, Q.-B.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

Mitsugi, S.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K.

G. Kanter, P. Kumar, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P.

J. Sokoloff, P. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Qin, F.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahachou, A. I.

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, K.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, B. C.

Savchenkov, A. A.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorntino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

Smirl, A. L.

Sokoloff, J.

J. Sokoloff, P. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G. S.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

Veith, G.

H. Bulow and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 588 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.-Y.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

P. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Sci. Am. 275, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorntino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Z. G.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Yokohama, I.

Zeilinger, A.

P. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Sci. Am. 275, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.-Z.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zozoulenko, I. V.

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z.-Y. Wei, Q.-B. Meng, D.-Z. Zhang, and Z.-Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Bulow and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 588 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorntino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kanter, P. Kumar, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 341 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Van, T. Ibrahim, K. Ritter, P. Absil, F. Johnson, R. Grover, J. Goldhar, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. D’Ariano and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Sokoloff, P. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

Y. Dumeige and P. Féron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804(2006).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Jacobs and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 79, 063830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Milburn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2124 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sci. Am. (1)

P. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Sci. Am. 275, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. A. Hall, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS) (2010).

T. S. El-Bawab, Optical Switching (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Device schematic and (b) DFG scheme. Here, a ^ 1 , 2 and b ^ 1 , 2 are the input and output annihilation operators for the signal fields. a ^ s , p , d are the annihilation operators for the signal, pump, and DF WGMs. P p in ( P p out ) is the input (output) pump power.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input and output signal pulse profiles. P s in is the input pulse in fiber 1. P 2 ( 1 ) out is the output pulse in fiber 2 (1) with the pump off (on). The inset shows the input and output pump–pulse profiles.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ^ μ = a ^ μ ( t ) ϕ μ ( z ) e i m μ θ ( E μ r ( r ) e r + E μ θ ( r ) e θ ) + H.c. ,
E ^ d = a ^ d ( t ) ϕ d ( z ) e i m d θ E d z ( r ) e z + H.c. ,
a ^ s t = i 4 ϵ 0 d n l ϒ * a ^ d a p ( ω s 2 Q s i + ω s 2 Q s c ) a ^ s + i ω s 2 Q s c ( a ^ 1 a ^ 2 ) ,
a ^ d t = i 4 ϵ 0 d n l ϒ a ^ s a p * ω d 2 Q d i a ^ d ,
a p t = ( ω p 2 Q p i + ω p 2 Q p c ) a p i P p in 2 Q p c .
ϒ = [ S Δ m 0 R ( E d z * E p r * E s r E d z * E p θ * E s θ ) r d r + C Δ m 0 R ( E d z * E p θ * E s r + E d z * E p r * E s θ ) r d r ] ϕ p * ϕ d * ϕ s d z ,
( b ^ 1 b ^ 2 ) = ( T s κ κ κ T s κ ) ( a ^ 1 a ^ 2 ) + ( ζ ^ ζ ^ ) ,
C = 1 + 128 ϵ 0 2 d n l 2 | ϒ | 2 Q s c Q d i Q p c Q p i 2 3 ω s ω p 2 ω d ( Q p c + Q p i ) 2 P p in .
P p T = 3 ω s ω p 2 ω d ( Q p c + Q p i ) 2 128 ϵ 0 2 d n l 2 | ϒ | 2 Q s c Q d i Q p c Q p i 2 .

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