Abstract

We present a polarization-switching device with dual-frequency liquid crystal material for a stereoscopic three- dimensional (3D) display. This device shows good properties, such as low 3D cross talk and high brightness, due to a fast dynamic response time. Without optical compensation, however, this device has an asymmetric contrast ratio on the left- and right-hand sides of 3D glasses, because the viewing principles on both sides are different from each other. To solve this problem, we design an optical structure with two half-wave plate films using the Jones matrix method. As the results of simulation and experiment show, excellent dark states and high brightness are realized over the entire range of visible wavelengths on both sides.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009

Y.-H. Tao, Q.-H. Wang, J. Gu, W.-X. Zhao, and D.-H. Li, Opt. Lett. 34, 3220 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

2008

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Tsai, W.-L. Chen, and W.-L. Hsu, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 456–459.
[CrossRef]

2004

2001

1998

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1998), Vol. 4.

1994

G. P. Nordin, J. H. Kulick, M. Jones, P. Nasiatka, R. G. Lindquist, and S. T. Kowel, Opt. Lett. 19, 901 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Blinov and V. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, C. H.

Blinov, L.

L. Blinov and V. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.-L.

C.-H. Tsai, W.-L. Chen, and W.-L. Hsu, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 456–459.
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

L. Blinov and V. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Cho, H. J.

Chung, I.-J.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Fukami, T.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1998), Vol. 4.

Gu, J.

Hamagishi, G.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Higano, E.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Higano, T.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Hisatake, Y.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Hong, S. M.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Horikoshi, T.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Hsu, W.-L.

C.-H. Tsai, W.-L. Chen, and W.-L. Hsu, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 456–459.
[CrossRef]

Hur, J. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Izumi, K.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Jang, J.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jones, M.

Jung, S.-M.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Kang, D. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.-B.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, S.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. J.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Kim, W.-S.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Koike, K.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Kowel, S. T.

Kubota, N.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Kulick, J. H.

Lee, S.-C.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Li, D.-H.

Lindquist, R. G.

Mashtani, K.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Miyazawa, A.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Nakano, Y.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Nakao, K.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Nasiatka, P.

Nishimoto, Y.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Nishiyama, K.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Nomura, T.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Nordin, G. P.

Oh, B. S.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Oh, J. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-U.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Park, W. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, D.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

Taira, K.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Tao, Y.-H.

Tsai, C.-H.

C.-H. Tsai, W.-L. Chen, and W.-L. Hsu, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 456–459.
[CrossRef]

Uehara, S.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Ujike, H.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Wang, Q.-H.

Yan, J.

Yang, M.-S.

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1998), Vol. 4.

Yoshihara, Y.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Yuuki, A.

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

Zhao, W.-X.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashtani, A. Miyazawa, K. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, and Y. Nakano, in Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (2008), Vol. 15, pp. 1099–1102.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, and J. Jang, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 444–447.
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Tsai, W.-L. Chen, and W.-L. Hsu, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, pp. 456–459.
[CrossRef]

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 428–431.
[CrossRef]

S.-M. Jung, J.-U. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-S. Kim, M.-S. Yang, I.-B. Kang, and I.-J. Chung, in Proceedings of SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society of Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 348–351.
[CrossRef]

L. Blinov and V. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer, 1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1998), Vol. 4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic principle of 3D display with a PS panel.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured EO characteristics of PS cell with DFLC.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dynamic response time of PS cell at V on = 8 V .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical configurations of optically compensated PS cell on left- and right-hand sides at (a) V on = 8 V and f = 1 kHz and (b) V on = 8 V and f = 50 kHz .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated and measured optical performances on (a) left-hand side and (b) right-hand side.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ = 2 π λ Δ n d ,
T = | [ cos α sin α ] M HWP 2 M HWP 1 M LC [ 1 0 ] t | 2 ,
M LC = [ cos ψ sin ψ sin ψ cos ψ ] [ e i Γ / 2 0 0 e i Γ / 2 ] [ cos ψ sin ψ sin ψ cos ψ ] ,
M HWP 1 = [ cos β sin β sin β cos β ] [ e i π / 2 0 0 e i π / 2 ] [ cos β sin β sin β cos β ] ,
M HWP 2 = [ cos γ sin γ sin γ cos γ ] [ e i π / 2 0 0 e i π / 2 ] [ cos γ sin γ sin γ cos γ ] ,

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