Abstract

We demonstrate trapping a single rubidium atom in a blue detuned optical bottle beam trap. The trap was formed by a strongly focused blue detuned laser beam, which passes through a computer-generated circular π phase hologram displayed on a spatial light modulator. Single atoms were loaded from a magneto-optical trap and stored in the optical trap for several seconds.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. D. He, P. Xu, J. Wang, and M. S. Zhan, Opt. Express 17, 21007 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. D. Nelson, X. Li, and D. S. Weiss, Nature Phys. 3, 556(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, Phys. Rev. A 72, 022347(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Isenhower, W. Williams, A. Dally, and M. Saffman, Opt. Lett. 34, 1159 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. L. Chaloupka, Y. Fisher, T. J. Kessler, and D. D. Meyerhofer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1021 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Ozeri, L. Khaykovich, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. A 59, R1750 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Arlt and M. J. Padgett, Opt. Lett. 25, 191 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. L. Chaloupka, and D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 713 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.4777.

2009 (2)

2007 (3)

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. D. Nelson, X. Li, and D. S. Weiss, Nature Phys. 3, 556(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, Phys. Rev. A 72, 022347(2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

R. Ozeri, L. Khaykovich, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. A 59, R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. L. Chaloupka, Y. Fisher, T. J. Kessler, and D. D. Meyerhofer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1021 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adams, C. S.

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arlt, J.

Chaloupka, J. L.

Chu, S.

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dally, A.

Davidson, N.

R. Ozeri, L. Khaykovich, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. A 59, R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fisher, Y.

Gao, W. J.

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grothe, A.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, X. D.

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Isenhower, L.

Kasevich, M.

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kessler, T. J.

Khaykovich, L.

R. Ozeri, L. Khaykovich, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. A 59, R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kubanek, A.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurtsiefer, C.

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

K. D. Nelson, X. Li, and D. S. Weiss, Nature Phys. 3, 556(2007).
[CrossRef]

Long, Q.

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Mølmer, K.

M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.4777.

Murr, K.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. D.

K. D. Nelson, X. Li, and D. S. Weiss, Nature Phys. 3, 556(2007).
[CrossRef]

Ozeri, R.

R. Ozeri, L. Khaykovich, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. A 59, R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

Pinkse, P. W. H.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Protsenko, I.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puppe, T.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rempe, G.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reymond, G.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenfeld, W.

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saffman, M.

L. Isenhower, W. Williams, A. Dally, and M. Saffman, Opt. Lett. 34, 1159 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, Phys. Rev. A 72, 022347(2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.4777.

Schlenk, D.

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schlosser, N.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuster, I.

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Volz, J.

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Walker, T. G.

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, Phys. Rev. A 72, 022347(2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.4777.

Wang, H. F.

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, Y. Z.

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, D. S.

K. D. Nelson, X. Li, and D. S. Weiss, Nature Phys. 3, 556(2007).
[CrossRef]

Williams, W.

Xu, P.

Yin, J. P.

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, M. S.

Chinese Phys. (1)

J. P. Yin, W. J. Gao, H. F. Wang, Q. Long, and Y. Z. Wang, Chinese Phys. 11, 1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Volz, M. Weber, D. Schlenk, W. Rosenfeld, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, Laser Phys. 17, 1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Phys. (1)

K. D. Nelson, X. Li, and D. S. Weiss, Nature Phys. 3, 556(2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. Ozeri, L. Khaykovich, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. A 59, R1750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, Phys. Rev. A 72, 022347(2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Puppe, I. Schuster, A. Grothe, A. Kubanek, K. Murr, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013002(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Davidson, H. J. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.4777.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the experimental setup. Solid lines with arrows represent the light path of the blue detuned dipole laser, while dashed lines stand for the fluorescence emitted by the trapped atoms. (b) Calculated histogram to be imprinted on the SLM for dark trap (not to scale). (c) Calculated intensity distribution with a = 0.62 , NA = 0.29 , and λ = 772 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity cross sections and corresponding beam profiles of the dark trap near the beam focus. Images are theoretically calculated (left) and experimentally observed (right) along the optical axis, away from the focus with 0, Z R / 4 , and Z R / 2 , where Z R is the Rayleigh range.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Number of photons counted by the SPCM with 40 ms time bins and (b) histogram of photon counting data lasting for 2600 s (dots) and the fit with a compound Poisson law for the zero-atom, one-atom, and two-atom peaks (solid curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Histogram of 750 single atom events measured by fluorescence induced with the MOT light when the MOT is on and a fit with an exponential decay function and (b) measurement of the atom lifetime in the dipole trap with the MOT off—each point is averaged three times, and each time includes 100 events.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( ρ , μ ) = 2 1 e 1 0 1 r exp ( r 2 ) J 0 ( ρ r ) exp ( 1 2 i μ r 2 ) d r 2 2 1 e 1 0 a r exp ( r 2 ) J 0 ( ρ r ) exp ( 1 2 i μ r 2 ) d r ,
I ( ρ , μ ) = E ( ρ , μ ) 2 ,

Metrics